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Iodine Deficiency in Europe

A Continuing Concern

  • F. Delange
  • J. T. Dunn
  • D. Glinoer

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 241)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Overview of Iodine Nutrition

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Iodine Nutrition

      1. Francois Delange
        Pages 5-15
      2. Basil S. Hetzel
        Pages 25-31
    3. Iodine and physiopathology of the thyroid

      1. J. E. Dumont
        Pages 35-41
      2. Shigenobu Nagataki
        Pages 43-50
      3. André Marie Ermans
        Pages 51-59
      4. Ulrich Bürgi, Hans Gerber, Hugo Studer
        Pages 61-69
      5. Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Jack L. Leonard, Lewis E. Braverman
        Pages 71-78
      6. Lewis E. Braverman
        Pages 79-92
      7. Nobuo Matsuura, Shohei Harada
        Pages 93-99
    4. Methodology of evaluation of iodine nutrition in developed countries

      1. Claude Thilly, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Jean Vanderpas
        Pages 103-108
      2. Rainer Gutekunst, Hans Martin-Teichert
        Pages 109-118
      3. Pierre P. Bourdoux
        Pages 119-125
    5. Status of iodine nutrition in North America, Japan and Australia

      1. Sam Pino, Lewis E. Braverman
        Pages 129-130
      2. Jean H. Dussault
        Pages 131-131
      3. Creswell J. Eastman
        Pages 133-139
      4. Shigenobu Nagataki
        Pages 141-148
    6. Consequences of iodine deficiency in Europe on agriculture and socio-economic development

      1. Manfred Anke, Bernd Groppel, Karl-Heinz Bauch
        Pages 151-158
      2. Catherine Chambon, Isabelle Chastin
        Pages 159-167
    7. Consequences of iodine deficiency in Europe on specific target groups: pregnant women, neonates

      1. Gabriella Morreale de Escobar, María Jesús Obregón, Rosa Calvo, Francisco Escobar del Rey
        Pages 171-180
      2. Daniel Glinoer
        Pages 181-190
      3. K. Bauch, D. Einenkel, W. Alexander, E. Grosse, J. Becker, J. Kibbassa et al.
        Pages 191-197
      4. François Delange, Pierre Bourdoux, Michael Laurence, Lilia Peneva, Paul Walfish, Helmut Willgerodt
        Pages 199-209
      5. Dale Nordenberg, Kevin Sullivan, Glen Maberly, Veronica Wiley, Brigette Wilcken, Fiona Bamforth et al.
        Pages 211-217
    8. Consequences of iodine deficiency in Europe in relation to nuclear hazards

    9. Iodine prophylaxis in industrialized countries

      1. Pr E. Pichard, A. Blanchard, B. Debeugny
        Pages 269-274
      2. R. Vigneri, R. Catalfamo, V. Freni, A. Ippolito, G. L. La Rosa, C. Regalbuto
        Pages 275-283
      3. Claude Thilly, Béatrice Swennen, Raphael Lagasse
        Pages 291-294
  3. Iodine nutrition in individual European countries

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 295-295
    2. Harald Frey, Bent Rosenlund, Kenneth Try, Liv Theodorsen
      Pages 297-300
    3. F. Anders Karlsson
      Pages 301-303
    4. B.-A. Lamberg, Kristian Liewendahl, Matti Välimäki
      Pages 305-309
    5. Peter Laurberg, Klaus M. Pedersen, Susanne B. Nøhr
      Pages 311-315
    6. A. M. Hetherton, P. P. A. Smyth
      Pages 317-322
    7. John H. Lazarus, David I. W. Phillips, Arthur B. Parkes, Peter P. A. Smyth, Reginald Hall
      Pages 323-327
    8. Daan van der Heide, Janny P. Schröder-van der Elst
      Pages 329-333
    9. Maciej Gembicki
      Pages 341-345
    10. Pavel Langer, Mária Tajtáková, Ján Podoba, Václav Zamrazil, Dagmar Pohunková, Josef Bednář et al.
      Pages 353-357
    11. Christian Beckers, André Ermans, Philippe De Nayer, François Delange, Daniel Glinoer, Pierre Bourdoux
      Pages 359-362
    12. R. Mornex, M. Boucherat, M. Lamand, J. C. Tressol, C. Jaffiol
      Pages 363-366
    13. Hans Bürgi, Zeno Supersaxo, Peter Dürig
      Pages 367-371

About this book

Introduction

The disorders induced by iodine deficiency affect at least one billion people. Because ofits effects on brain development, iodinedeficiency is the single most preventable cause of mental retardation in the world. Therefore, the United Nations and the Heads of State of almost all the world's countries represented at the Summit for Children in 1990 adopted resolutions to eradicate the disorders induced by iodine deficiency (IDD) by the year 2000. For geological and socio-economic reasons, most of the populations affected by iodine deficiency disorders live in isolated and usually mountainous areas, in pre­ industrialized parts ofthe world. The problem of iodine deficiency in Europe has been greatly underestimated in the last decades. After the remarkable studies on the effects of iodine deficiency and their prevention and correction in Switzerland, IDD was generally considered no longer a significant public health problem in Europe. However, surveys carried out in the early 1980's under the auspices of the European Thyroid Association, clearly demonstrated the persistence of moderately or even severely affected areas. These surveys also highlighted the lack ofinformation about large parts ofEurope, especially its eastern part. It is only quite recently, following major changes in international relations and thanks to the support of UNICEF, WHO, the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the European Thyroid Association, that more extensive surveys have been conducted in several parts of Europe hitherto almost unexplored. These surveys showed that most European countries were iodine deficient.

Keywords

Public Health World Health Organization brain health nutrition prevention public health problem

Editors and affiliations

  • F. Delange
    • 1
  • J. T. Dunn
    • 2
  • D. Glinoer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BrusselsBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.University of Virginia Health Sciences CenterCharlottesvilleUSA

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