Applications of Cryogenic Technology

  • J. Patrick Kelley

Part of the Applications of Cryogenic Technology book series (APCT, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Small Scale Refrigeration and Liquefaction Systems

  3. Cryogenic Instrumentation

    1. S. Scott Courts, D. Scott Holmes, Philip R. Swinehart, Brad C. Dodrill
      Pages 55-69
    2. B. C. Dodrill, J. K. Krause, P. R. Swinehart, V. Wang
      Pages 85-107
    3. David L. Clark
      Pages 109-116
    4. G. J. Fuld, R. G. Hansen, N. Loes
      Pages 117-128
  4. Plenary Lectures

  5. Short and Long Term Storage Systems

    1. Ivan V. Larry LaFave
      Pages 163-172
    2. James P. Eaton
      Pages 173-183
    3. Michael S. Kramer
      Pages 185-195
    4. J. R. Benzinger
      Pages 197-205
  6. Cryogenics in the Medical Field

    1. Sidney A. Wilchins, Stan D. Augustynowicz
      Pages 207-213
    2. L. Wolfinbarger Jr., M. Adam, P. Lange, J-F Hu
      Pages 227-233
    3. Dipak K. Das, Swapna Maity, Dan Lu
      Pages 245-257
    4. Peter Hrycak, Martin J. Linden, Sidney A. Wilchins
      Pages 259-269
  7. General Session

    1. M. Wiseman, R. Bundy, A. Guerra, J. P. Kelley, T. Lee, W. Schneider et al.
      Pages 271-285
    2. Mark Wiseman, Richard Bundy, J. Patrick Kelley, William Schneider
      Pages 287-303
    3. Q. S. Shu, J. Graber, W. Hartung, J. Kirchgessner, D. Moffat, R. Noer et al.
      Pages 305-319
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 321-332

About this book


Applications of Cryogenic Technology, Vol. 10, is the proceedings from the portion of the conference CRYO-90 sponsored by the Cryogenic Society of America (CSA). CRYO-90, held on the campus of the State University of New York, Binghamton, New York, was an unusual interdisciplinary event, drawing from the life sciences as well as the physical science and engineering areas of the low temperature community. Co-sponsoring CRYO-90 with CSA were the Society for Cryobiology and the Symposium on Invertebrate and Plant Cold Hardiness. These latter two organizations brought an exciting developing field to the conference, a field whose exploration will lead to the betterment of all mankind through improved cryosurgical and organ preservation techniques in addition to improved agricultural and herd yields under extreme conditions. Specific goals of the cryobiological community are cryopreservation, the arrest and recovery of living processes of cells, tissues and organs; and cryosurgery - the local cryodestruction of diseased cells while preserving the healthy surrounding tissue. These goals present great technological challenges. The technological requirements of the cryobiologist include the ability to cool tissues 6 at rates of 10 degrees per second (vitrification), to thaw frozen tissue without damaging the delicate cells, to freeze dry tissue using molecular distillation (vacuum) drying, to supercool cell structures below O°C without freezing, and to successfully store the preserved tissues and organs for any required length of time.


cells development extreme conditions heat transfer low temperature microscopy silicon surgery temperature tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Patrick Kelley
    • 1
  1. 1.SURA/CEBAFNewport NewsUSA

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