© 2004

High-Pressure Shock Compression of Solids VII

Shock Waves and Extreme States of Matter

  • V. E. Fortov
  • L. V. Al’tshuler
  • R. F. Trunin
  • A. I. Funtikov

Part of the High-Pressure Shock Compression of Condensed Matter book series (SHOCKWAVE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. L. V. Al’tshuler, V. S. Zhuchenko, A. D. Levin
    Pages 39-75
  3. R. F. Trunin
    Pages 77-108
  4. N. N. Kalitkin, L. V. Kuzmina
    Pages 109-176
  5. R. F. Trunin, K. K. Krupnikov, G. V. Simakov, A. I. Funtikov
    Pages 177-195
  6. A. I. Funtikov, M. N. Pavlovsky
    Pages 197-223
  7. A. I. Funtikov
    Pages 225-246
  8. V. K. Gryaznov, I. L. Iosilevskiy, V. E. Fortov
    Pages 437-489
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 529-531

About this book


In the mid-1950s, experimental studies of condensed matter at ultrahigh pressures (i.e., high energy densities) started to appear in the literature, made possible by use of strong shock waves to alter the state of the material studied. Since then, laboratory and underground nuclear test results have provided equation-of-state data for many chemical elements and compounds over a very wide range of thermodynamic states. They have also allowed scientists to determine high pressure melting curves, to discover previously unknown electronic transitions, to produce strongly non-ideal plasmas, and to study phenomena that occur at much higher values of physical parameters than are attainable by other methods. The data are of fundamental scientific value, and knowledge of shock-wave properties of materials and their equations of state over a wide range of the thermodynamic variables is necessary for the solution of many important scientific and technical problems.

Shock Waves and Extreme States of Matter presents a detailed account of the development of Russian technology for conducting dynamic experiments to study material properties and behavior and some of the basic results so far obtained. The book consists of surveys prepared by the leading Russian scientists in the field. Experimental and theoretical results of the authors are presented and a generalization and systematization of the extensive material on the physics of shock waves and high-pressure phenomena is provided.

Topics discussed include:

Development of dynamic research techniques for studying high pressure

Problems of detonation of condensed explosives and creation high-velocity-impact devices

Shock compression data that reach a maximum pressure of 10 TPa in solid and highly porous metals. Computational models and descriptions of experimental data include wide-range Hugoniots for 80 substances

Mechanisms, kinetics and thermodynamics of polymorphic transformations

Experimental, theoretical, and computational investigations of the response of metals in the range of elastic–plastic deformation

Optical temperature measurements on ionic crystals and liquid argon and xenon that permit development of improved equations of state of these materials and extend the melting curves of ionic crystals

Quasi-isentropic compression data for molecular hydrogen and deuterium and the parameters of a new EOS for the solid and liquid phases

Both a semiempirical extension of van der Waals’ model oriented toward experimental data description of dense states of matter and an a priori chemical model of highly non-ideal plasma produce wide-range EOSs

Fracture of large structures subjected to the action of dynamic forces.


Phase Transition Phase Transitions condensed matter kinetics transitions

Editors and affiliations

  • V. E. Fortov
    • 1
  • L. V. Al’tshuler
  • R. F. Trunin
    • 2
  • A. I. Funtikov
    • 3
  1. 1.Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Russian Federal Nuclear Center All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental PhysicsSarov, Nizhnii Novgorod RegionRussia
  3. 3.Institute for High Energy DensitiesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Bibliographic information

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