Device and Circuit Cryogenic Operation for Low Temperature Electronics

  • Francis Balestra
  • Gérard Ghibaudo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Francis Balestra, Gérard Ghibaudo
    Pages 1-2
  3. Gérard Ghibaudo, Francis Balestra
    Pages 3-35
  4. Francis Balestra, Gérard Ghibaudo
    Pages 37-67
  5. Frédéric Aniel, Robert Adde
    Pages 85-160
  6. Yasuhisa Omura
    Pages 161-188
  7. M. Jamal Deen, F. Javier De la Hidalga-W
    Pages 189-262

About this book


Device and Circuit Cryogenic Operation for Low Temperature Electronics is a first in reviewing the performance and physical mechanisms of advanced devices and circuits at cryogenic temperatures that can be used for many applications.
The first two chapters cover bulk silicon and SOI MOSFETs. The electronic transport in the inversion layer, the influence of impurity freeze-out, the special electrical properties of SOI structures, the device reliability and the interest of a low temperature operation for the ultimate integration of silicon down to nanometer dimensions are described. The next two chapters deal with Silicon-Germanium and III-V Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors, as well as III-V High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMT). The basic physics of the SiGe HBT and its unique cryogenic capabilities, the optimization of such bipolar devices, and the performance of SiGe HBT BiCMOS technology at liquid nitrogen temperature are examined. The physical effects in III-V semiconductors at low temperature, the HEMT and HBT static, high frequency and noise properties, and the comparison of various cooled III-V devices are also addressed. The next chapter treats quantum effect devices made of silicon materials. The major quantum effects at low temperature, quantum wires, quantum dots as well as single electron devices and applications are investigated. The last chapter overviews the performances of cryogenic circuits and their applications. The low temperature properties and performance of inverters, multipliers, adders, operational amplifiers, memories, microprocessors, imaging devices, circuits and systems, sensors and read-out circuits are analyzed.
Device and Circuit Cryogenic Operation for Low Temperature Electronics is useful for researchers, engineers, Ph.D. and M.S. students working in the field of advanced electron devices and circuits, new semiconductor materials, and low temperature electronics and physics.


CMOS OLED Sensor Transistor electronics field-effect transistor heterojunction bipolar transistor integrated circuit liquid metal oxide semiconductur field-effect transistor microprocessor quantum dot

Editors and affiliations

  • Francis Balestra
    • 1
  • Gérard Ghibaudo
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR CNRS/INPGGrenobleFrance

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