The Grammar of Graphics

  • Leland¬†Wilkinson

Part of the Statistics and Computing book series (SCO)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 1-19
  3. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 21-41
  4. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 43-56
  5. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 57-63
  6. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 65-80
  7. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 81-97
  8. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 99-163
  9. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 165-208
  10. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 209-230
  11. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 231-299
  12. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 301-328
  13. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 329-338
  14. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 339-352
  15. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 353-364
  16. Leland Wilkinson
    Pages 365-376
  17. Back Matter
    Pages 377-408

About this book


Before writing the graphics for SYSTAT in the 1980's, I began by teaching a seminar in statistical graphics and collecting as many different quantitative graphics as I could find. I was determined to produce a package that could draw every statistical graphic I had ever seen. The structure of the program was a collection of procedures named after the basic graph types they p- duced. The graphics code was roughly one and a half megabytes in size. In the early 1990's, I redesigned the SYSTAT graphics package using - ject-based technology. I intended to produce a more comprehensive and - namic package. I accomplished this by embedding graphical elements in a tree structure. Rendering graphics was done by walking the tree and editing worked by adding and deleting nodes. The code size fell to under a megabyte. In the late 1990's, I collaborated with Dan Rope at the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Dan Carr at George Mason University to produce a graphics p- duction library called GPL, this time in Java. Our goal was to develop graphics components. This book was nourished by that project. So far, the GPL code size is under half a megabyte.


Data Visualization SPSS data analysis data mining geometry visualization

Authors and affiliations

  • Leland¬†Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.SPSS Inc.ChicagoUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1999
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4757-3102-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4757-3100-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1431-8784
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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