Observational Studies

  • Paul R. Rosenbaum

Part of the Springer Series in Statistics book series (SSS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 1-12
  3. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 13-58
  4. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 59-86
  5. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 87-135
  6. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 136-153
  7. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 154-173
  8. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 174-186
  9. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 187-199
  10. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 200-224
  11. Paul R. Rosenbaum
    Pages 225-227
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 229-231

About this book


An observational study is an empirical investigation of the effects of treatments, policies, or exposures. It differes from an experiment in that the investigator cannot control the assignments of treatments to subjects. Scientists across a wide range of disciplines undertake such studies, and the aim of this book is to provide a sound statistical account of the principles and methods for the design and analysis of observational studies. Readers are assumed to have a working knowledge of basic probability and statistics, but otherwise the account is reasonably self-contained. Throughout there are extended discussions of actual observational studies to illustrate the ideas discussed. These are drawn from topics as diverse as smoking and lung cancer, lead in children, nuclear weapons testing, and placement programs for students. As a result, many researchers involved in observational studes will find this an invaluable companion to their work.


Analysis Bias Observational Studies Sensitivity Statistica Treatment Effects control design knowledge probability randomized experiment sound statistics testing

Authors and affiliations

  • Paul R. Rosenbaum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of StatisticsUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1995
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4757-2445-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4757-2443-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0172-7397
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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