© 1985

The Biology of Computer Life

Survival, Emotion and Free Will

  • Geoff L. Simons

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 1-54
  3. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 55-96
  4. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 97-132
  5. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 133-173
  6. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 174-201
  7. Geoff L. Simons
    Pages 202-209
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 210-236

About this book


The doctrine of computer life is not congenial to many people. Often they have not thought in any depth about the idea, and it necessarily disturbs their psychological and intellectual frame of reference: it forces a reappraisal of what it is to be alive, what it is to be human, and whether there are profound, yet un­ expected, implications in the development of modern com­ puters. There is abundant evidence to suggest that we are wit­ nessing the emergence of a vast new family of life-forms on earth, organisms that are not based on the familiar metabolic chemistries yet whose manifest 'life credentials' are accumulating year by year. It is a mistake to regard biology as a closed science, with arbitrarily limited categories; and we should agree with Jacob (1974) who observed that 'Contrary to what is imagined, biology is not a unified science'. Biology is essentially concerned with living things, and we should be reluctant to assume that at anyone time our concept and understanding of life are complete and incapable of further refinement. And it seems clear that much of the continuing refinement of biological categories will be stimulated by advances in systems theory, and in particular by those advances that relate to the rapidly expanding world of computing and robotics. We should also remember what Pant in (1968) said in a different context: 'the biological sciences are unrestricted . . . and their investigator must be prepared to follow their problems into any other science whatsoever.


artificial intelligence autonomous robot cognition creativity cybernetics emotion energy evolution growth nature philosophy robot robotics science

Editors and affiliations

  • Geoff L. Simons
    • 1
  1. 1.The National Computing CentreEngland

Bibliographic information