Monitoring Behavior and Supervisory Control

  • Thomas B. Sheridan
  • Gunnar Johannsen

Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Man-Vehicle Control

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Gunnar Johannsen
      Pages 3-12
    3. Stanley N. Roscoe, Janice E. Eisele
      Pages 39-49
    4. Sandro Bossi
      Pages 61-69
    5. R. Wade Allen, Stephen H. Schwartz, Henry R. Jex
      Pages 71-82
    6. Gunnar Johannsen, Claudius Pfendler, Willi Stein
      Pages 83-95
    7. J. Meyer-Delius, L. Liebl
      Pages 97-106
    8. C. K. Pasmooij, C. H. J. M. Opmeer, B. W. Hyndman
      Pages 107-118
    9. A. Rault
      Pages 139-155
    10. W. Veldhuyzen, H. G. Stassen
      Pages 157-171
  3. General Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 173-173
    2. Thomas B. Sheridan
      Pages 175-180
    3. Renwick E. Curry, Arye R. Ephrath
      Pages 193-203
    4. Renwick E. Curry, Eliezer G. Gai
      Pages 205-220
    5. Neville Moray
      Pages 221-244
    6. J. W. Senders, M. J. M. Posner
      Pages 245-259
    7. W. T. Singleton
      Pages 261-270
    8. Thomas B. Sheridan
      Pages 271-281
    9. Robert J. Wherry Jr.
      Pages 283-293
    10. Randall Steeb, Gershon Weltman, Amos Freedy
      Pages 307-317
  4. Process Control

  5. Workshop Reports

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 471-471
    2. T. B. Sheridan, G. Johannsen
      Pages 473-477
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 479-527

About this book


This book includes all papers presented at the International Symposium on Monitoring Behavior and Supervisory Control held at Berchtesgaden, Federal Republic of Germany, March 8-12, 1976. The Symposium was sponsored by the Scientific Affairs Division of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Brussels, and the government of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn. We believe the book constitutes an important and timely status report on monitoring behavior and supervisory control by human operators of complex man-machine systems in which the computer is sharing key functions with the man. These systems include aircraft and other vehicles, nuclear and more conventional power plants, and processes for the manu­ facture of chemicals, petroleum, and discrete parts. By "monitoring" we mean the systematic observation by a human operator of mul tiple sources of information, e. g. , ranging from integrated display consoles to disparate "live situations". The monitor's purpose is to determine whether operations are normal and proceeding as desired, and to diagnose difficulties in the case of abnormality or undesirable outcomes. By "supervisory control" we mean control by a human operator of a computer which, at a lower level, is controlling a dynamic system. In such systems, the computer-control normally operates continuously or at high data rates in loops closed through electromechanical sensors and motors. By contrast, the human operator normally signals or reprograms the computer intermittently or at a much slower pace. The human operator handles the higher level tasks and determines the goals of the overall system.


Germany IRA behavior complex computer controlling information interaction monitoring organization organizations perception

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas B. Sheridan
    • 1
  • Gunnar Johannsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Research Institute for Human EngineeringMeckenheimFederal Republic of Germany

Bibliographic information