Particles on Surfaces 1

Detection, Adhesion, and Removal

  • Kashmiri Lal Mittal

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. General Papers

  3. Particle-Substrate Interaction and Particle Adhesion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. R. Allen Bowling
      Pages 129-142
    3. M. H. Lee, A. B. Jaffe
      Pages 169-177
    4. M. B. Ranade, V. B. Menon, M. E. Mullins, V. L. Debler
      Pages 179-191
    5. Richard Williams, Richard W. Nosker
      Pages 193-199
    6. Richard W. Nosker, Richard Williams
      Pages 201-210
    7. Hwa-Chi Wang, Walter John
      Pages 211-224
    8. William S. Bickel, Thomas M. Wentzel
      Pages 225-236
  4. Particle Detection, Analysis and Characterization

  5. Particle Removal

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. D. W. Cooper, H. L. Wolfe, R. J. Miller
      Pages 339-349
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 373-384

About this book


This volume chronicles the proceedings of the Symposium on Particles on Surfaces: Detection, Adhesion and Removal held under the auspices of the Fine Particle Society in San Francisco, July 28-August 2, 1986. The study of particles on surfaces is extremely important in many areas of human endeavor (ranging from microelectronics to optics to biomedical). A complete catalog of modern precision and sophisticated technologies where particles on surfaces are of cardinal importance will be prohibitively long, but the following eclectic examples should underscore the concern about particles on a variety of surfaces. In the semiconductor world of shrinking dimensions, particles which, a few years ago, were cosmetically undesirable but functionally innocuous can potentially be killer defects now. As the device sizes get smaller, there will be more and more concern about smaller and smaller particles. In the information storage technology, the gap between the head and the disk is very narrow, and if a particle is trapped in the gap that can have very grave consequences. The implications of particulate contamination on sensitive optical surfaces is all too manifest. So the particulate contamination on surfaces is undesirable from functional, yield and reliability points of view. This symposium was organized with the following objectives in mind: to bring together active practitioners in this field; to provide a forum for discussion of the latest research and development activities in this area; to provide opportunity for cross-pollination of ideas; and to highlight topics which needed intensified effort.


adhesion aerosol contamination development information metals optics particles pollination semiconductor silicon society

Editors and affiliations

  • Kashmiri Lal Mittal
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM U.S. Technical EducationThornwoodUSA

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