The Ecological Basis of Conservation

Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity

  • S. T. A. Pickett
  • R. S. Ostfeld
  • M. Shachak
  • G. E. Likens

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Introduction: The Needs for a Comprehensive Conservation Theory

  3. Foundations for a Comprehensive Conservation Theory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-79
    2. Steward T. A. Pickett, Richard S. Ostfeld, Moshe Shachak, Gene E. Likens
      Pages 81-82
    3. Peggy L. Fiedler, Peter S. White, Robert A. Leidy
      Pages 83-92
  4. Biodiversity and its Ecological Linkages

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 121-121
    2. Richard S. Ostfeld, Steward T. A. Pickett, Moshe Shachak, Gene E. Likens
      Pages 123-124
    3. M. Philip Nott, Stuart L. Pimm
      Pages 125-135
    4. Judy L. Meyer
      Pages 136-145
    5. Peter Kareiva, David Skelly, Mary Ruckelshaus
      Pages 156-166
    6. Norman L. Christensen Jr.
      Pages 167-186
    7. S. L. Tartowski, E. B. Allen, N. E. Barrett, A. R. Berkowitz, R. K. Colwell, P. M. Groffman et al.
      Pages 187-192
    8. A. Carl Leopold
      Pages 193-198
  5. Toward a New Conservation Theory

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 199-199
    2. Richard S. Ostfeld, Steward T. A. Pickett, Moshe Shachak, Gene E. Likens
      Pages 201-201
    3. Kent E. Holsinger, Pati Vitt
      Pages 202-216
    4. Katherine Ralls, Barbara L. Taylor
      Pages 228-235
    5. Nels E. Barrett, Juliana P. Barrett
      Pages 236-251
    6. Doria R. Gordon, Louis Provencher, Jeffrey L. Hardesty
      Pages 262-273
    7. John N. Thompson
      Pages 285-293
  6. The Application of Conservation Ecology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 295-295
    2. Richard S. Ostfeld, Steward T. A. Pickett, Gene E. Likens, Moshe Shachak
      Pages 297-297
    3. Robert S. Peters, Donald M. Waller, Barry Noon, Steward T. A. Pickett, Dennis Murphy, Joel Cracraft et al.
      Pages 320-336
  7. Synthesis and a Forward Look

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 359-359
    2. Steward T. A. Pickett, Richard S. Ostfeld, Moshe Shachak, Gene E. Likens
      Pages 361-362
    3. Thomas E. Lovejoy
      Pages 363-367
    4. Steward T. A. Pickett, Moshe Shachak, Richard S. Ostfeld, Gene E. Likens
      Pages 384-399
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 400-466

About this book


From its inception, the U.S. Department of the Interior has been charged with a conflicting mission. One set of statutes demands that the department must develop America's lands, that it get our trees, water, oil, and minerals out into the marketplace. Yet an opposing set of laws orders us to conserve these same resources, to preserve them for the long term and to consider the noncommodity values of our public landscape. That dichotomy, between rapid exploitation and long-term protection, demands what I see as the most significant policy departure of my tenure in office: the use of science-interdisciplinary science-as the primary basis for land management decisions. For more than a century, that has not been the case. Instead, we have managed this dichotomy by compartmentalizing the American landscape. Congress and my predecessors handled resource conflicts by drawing enclosures: "We'll create a national park here," they said, "and we'll put a wildlife refuge over there." Simple enough, as far as protection goes. And outside those protected areas, the message was equally simplistic: "Y'all come and get it. Have at it." The nature and the pace of the resource extraction was not at issue; if you could find it, it was yours.


biodiversity biology ecology ecosystem ecosystem processes

Editors and affiliations

  • S. T. A. Pickett
    • 1
  • R. S. Ostfeld
    • 1
  • M. Shachak
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. E. Likens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Ecosystem StudiesMary Flagler Cary ArboretumMillbrookUSA
  2. 2.Mitrani Center for Desert EcologyThe Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research Ben-Gurion University of the NegevSede BokerIsrael

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