Analog Test Signal Generation Using Periodic ΣΔ-Encoded Data Streams

  • Benoit Dufort
  • Gordon W. Roberts

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 1-6
  3. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 7-26
  4. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 27-64
  5. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 65-95
  6. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 97-113
  7. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 115-133
  8. Benoit Dufort, Gordon W. Roberts
    Pages 135-137
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 139-148

About this book


Analog Test Signal Generation Using Periodic SigmaDelta-Encoded Data Streams presents a new method to generate high quality analog signals with low hardware complexity. The theory of periodic SigmaDelta-encoded bitstreams is presented along with a set of empirical tables to help select the appropriate parameters of a bitstream. An optimization procedure is also outlined to help select a bit sequence with the desired attributes. A large variety of signals can be generated using this approach. Silicon implementation issues are discussed with a specific emphasis on area overhead and ease of design. One FPGA circuit and three different silicon implementations are presented along with experimental results. It is shown that simple designs are capable of generating very high precision signals-on-chip. The technique is further extended to multi-bit signal generation where it is shown how to increase the performance of arbitrary waveform, generators commonly found in past and present-day mixed-signal testers. No hardware modifications are required, only the numbers in memory are changed. Three different calibration techniques to reduce the effects of the AWG's non-linearities are also introduced, together with supporting experimental evidence.
The main focus of this text is to describe an area-efficient technique for analog signal generation using SigmaDelta-encoded data stream. The main characteristics of the technique are:
  • High quality signals (SFDR of 110 dB observed);
  • Large variety of signals generated;
  • Bitstreams easily obtained with a fast optimization program;
  • Good frequency resolution, compatible with coherent sampling;
  • Simple and fast hardware implementation;
  • Mostly digital, except an easily testable 1-bit DAC and possibly a reconstruction filter;
  • Memory already available on-chip can be reused, reducing area overhead;
  • Designs can be incorporated into existing CAD tools;
  • High frequency generation.


FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array Generator Hardware Signal analog complexity integrated circuit tables testing

Authors and affiliations

  • Benoit Dufort
    • 1
  • Gordon W. Roberts
    • 2
  1. 1.Philips ResearchNetherlands
  2. 2.McGill UniversityCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-6968-4
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-4377-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0893-3405
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Chemical Manufacturing
IT & Software
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Oil, Gas & Geosciences