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Chemical Pretreatment of Nuclear Waste for Disposal

  • Wallace W. Schulz
  • E. Philip Horwitz
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. M. J. Kupfer
    Pages 25-37
  3. Gregg J. Lumetta, John L. Swanson, Steven A. Barker
    Pages 39-49
  4. D. M. Strachan, L. R. Pederson, S. A. Bryan, E. C. Ashby, C. L. Liotta, E. K. Barefield et al.
    Pages 71-79
  5. E. Philip Horwitz, Mark L. Dietz, Herbert Diamond, Robin D. Rogers, Ralph A. Leonard
    Pages 81-99
  6. R. B. King, A. D. King Jr., N. K. Bhattacharyya, C. M. King, L. F. Landon
    Pages 101-113
  7. T. R. Johnson, M. A. Lewis, A. E. Newman, J. J. Laidler
    Pages 133-143
  8. Gregory C. Gilles, Matt Husain, Robert Hemmings, Ramona Neuman
    Pages 145-154
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 211-212

About this book

Introduction

Chemical pretreatment of nuclear wastes refers to the sequence of separations processes used to partition such wastes into a small volume of high-level waste for deep geologic disposal and a larger volume of low-level waste for disposal in a near-surface facility. Pretreatment of nuclear wastes now stored at several U. S. Department of Energy sites ranges from simple solid-liquid separations to more complex chemical steps, such as dissolution of sludges and removal of selected radionuclides, e. g. , 90Sr, 99Tc, 137CS, and TRU (transuranium) elements. The driving force for development of chemical pretreatment processes for nuclear wastes is the economic advantage of waste minimization as reflected in lower costs for near-surface disposal compared to the high cost of disposing of wastes in a deep geologic repository. This latter theme is expertly and authoritatively discussed in the introductory paper by J. and L. Bell. Seven papers in this volume describe several separations processes developed or being developed to pretreat the large volume of nuclear wastes stored at the US DOE Hanford and Savannah River sites. These papers include descriptions of the type and amount of important nuclear wastes stored at the Hanford and Savannah River sites as well as presently envisioned strategies for their treatment and final disposal. A paper by Strachan et al. discusses chemical and radiolytic mechanisms for the formation and release of potentially explosive hydrogen gas in Tank 241-SY-101 at the Hanford site.

Keywords

chemistry energy extraction hydrogen radioactive waste

Editors and affiliations

  • Wallace W. Schulz
    • 1
  • E. Philip Horwitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2526-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-6076-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-2526-4
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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