The Evolution of Complex Hunter-Gatherers

Archaeological Evidence from the North Pacific

  • Ben Fitzhugh

Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 11-37
  3. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 39-66
  4. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 87-100
  5. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 171-200
  6. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 201-217
  7. Ben Fitzhugh
    Pages 219-244
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 245-332

About this book


In 1987, I had the good fortune to join in the excavation of a phenomenal archae­ ological site on the western coast of Kodiak Island, in Alaska. The New Karluk site (a. k. a. , "Karluk One") was perched on the edge of the small village of Karluk at the mouth of the river of the same name, once one of the most productive salmon rivers in the North Pacific. I had just completed my sophomore year of college, and under the direction of Richard Jordan, I enthusiastically joined sev­ eral other students in the Kodiak Archaeology Projects New Karluk excavation. I had participated in my father's archaeological research in Eastern Canada since early childhood, but the Karluk dig was unlike any archaeology I had experienced before. For three months, we peeled back layers of grass, wood, and earth floors separated by remnants of ancient sod roofs. Due to the unusual preservation and richness of the site, at every tum we uncovered perishable items such as bent-wood bowls, masks, dolls, puffin-beak rattles, grass baskets, fragments of fiber netting, locks of hair, and food waste. Preservation was so excellent, in fact, that we often exposed grass blades still green after hundreds of years, which once exposed to air would tum brown before our eyes.


anthropology environment evolution gender holocene hunter-gatherer modeling prehistory social inequality

Authors and affiliations

  • Ben Fitzhugh
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-306-47853-6
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0137-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1568-2722
  • Buy this book on publisher's site