Monumentality in Later Prehistory

Building and Rebuilding Castell Henllys Hillfort

  • Harold Mytum

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Setting the Scene

  3. The Palisaded Settlement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 47-47
    2. Harold Mytum
      Pages 49-71
    3. Harold Mytum
      Pages 91-102
  4. Ramparts and Ditches

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 119-119
    2. Harold Mytum
      Pages 185-212
  5. The Entrances

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 229-229
    2. Harold Mytum
      Pages 231-257
  6. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 293-293
    2. Harold Mytum
      Pages 295-320
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 321-336

About this book


This volume ​provides the results of a 30-year excavation, reconstruction, and public interpretation campaign at the late prehistoric inland promontory settlement of Castell Henllys, here focusing on the defensive sequence and the role of monumentality in later prehistory. The site has  international significance because of the extensive excavations of the Iron Age palisaded settlement and later earthen ramparts, complex gateway, and chevaux-de-frise of upright stones. It is now widely recognised that the Iron Age consisted of many regional cultural traditions, and the excavations at Castell Henllys provide a vital contrast to the well-known large hillfort communities in other parts of England and Wales as well as across Europe.  As such, it is a unique window into a widespread but largely ignored site category and form of social and economic organisation. The publication will provide a case study for the construction and use of the earthworks of a major European late prehistoric settlement type –  the Iron Age hillfort; the monumental construction is compared with other communal investments such as the Mississippian mounds. It will also offer an innovative form of site reporting, including alternative interpretations of the earthworks as either military defences or the community-binding symbols.  Along with Excavation, Experiment, and Heritage Interpretation: Castell Henllys Hillfort Then and Now, these books will be required reading by those studying the late prehistoric archaeology of Britain and Europe at advanced undergraduate and postgraduate level, and by those in North America studying complex societies, monumentality, and ways of writing archaeology.


Iron Age Archaeology Welsh archaeology defense preparations in the Iron Age defensive sequence of hillforts hillforts excavation hillforts impact on environment

Authors and affiliations

  • Harold Mytum
    • 1
  1. 1.Archaeology, Classics and EgyptologyUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUnited Kingdom

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