© 2014

Long Island Sound

Prospects for the Urban Sea

  • James S. Latimer
  • Mark A. Tedesco
  • R. Lawrence Swanson
  • Charles Yarish
  • Paul E. Stacey
  • Corey Garza


  • Provides a key reference of our scientific understanding for work performed over the past three decades

  • Guides future research and monitoring in a dynamic urbanized estuary

  • Lays a foundation for integrative coastal observing systems that truly provide the foundation for improved decision-making


Part of the Springer Series on Environmental Management book series (SSEM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Marilyn E. Weigold, Elizabeth Pillsbury
    Pages 1-46
  3. Ralph Lewis
    Pages 47-77
  4. James O’Donnell, Robert E. Wilson, Kamazima Lwiza, Michael Whitney, W. Frank Bohlen, Daniel Codiga et al.
    Pages 79-158
  5. Carmela Cuomo, J. Kirk Cochran, Karl K. Turekian
    Pages 159-201
  6. Johan C. Varekamp, Anne E. McElroy, John R. Mullaney, Vincent T. Breslin
    Pages 203-283
  7. Glenn Lopez, Drew Carey, James T. Carlton, Robert Cerrato, Hans Dam, Rob DiGiovanni et al.
    Pages 285-479
  8. Mark A. Tedesco, R. Lawrence Swanson, Paul E. Stacey, James S. Latimer, Charles Yarish, Corey Garza
    Pages 481-539
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 541-558

About this book


Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea is the first synthesis of the science of Long Island Sound in more than thirty-five years. Described by Daniel Webster as the American Mediterranean, four centuries of human habitation, use, and abuse have created a trajectory of change being duplicated in estuaries throughout the country. Now subject to coordinated restoration efforts, the fate of Long Island Sound is a harbinger of the fate of coastal waters and economies everywhere.


Six technical chapters summarize our knowledge about the human history, geology, physical oceanography, geochemistry, pollutant history, and biology and ecology of Long Island Sound. The last chapter identifies the linkages between science and environmental management, drawing extensively from hard-learned lessons on identifying threats and implementing strategies to confront them. This synthesis will be of interest to anyone engaged in the conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems: scientists, students, managers, planners, and environmentalists.

“This massive, multidisciplinary synthesis is a welcome contribution to the understanding of Long Island Sound, providing not only new knowledge, but important information relevant to managers of coastal ecosystems. It will provide an extremely valuable resource for Long Island Sound for many years to come.”

Gene E. Likens
Founding Director and President Emeritus
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY

“Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea" is a major new and timely contribution to the literature on one of the nation’s most important estuaries. Prospects for all our estuaries are changing, primarily as a result of coastal development and effects associated with climate change particularly sea level rise and increased power of storm surges, rising temperatures and ocean acidification. This book provides valuable insights into understanding these impacts and into how to improve the prospects for the qualities and uses of Long Island Sound most important to society and to creating and maintaining a healthy, productive ecosystem. Many of the lessons are transferrable to other estuaries and coastal systems.”

Jerry R. Schubel
President and CEO
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach, California



Long Island Urban ecology estuary marine

Editors and affiliations

  • James S. Latimer
    • 1
  • Mark A. Tedesco
    • 2
  • R. Lawrence Swanson
    • 3
  • Charles Yarish
    • 4
  • Paul E. Stacey
    • 5
  • Corey Garza
    • 6
  1. 1.Office of Research and DevelopmentUS Environmental Protection AgencyNarragansettUSA
  2. 2.US Environmental Protection Agency Long Island Sound OfficeStamfordUSA
  3. 3.School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  4. 4.University of Connecticut, Stamford Dept. Ecology & Evolutionary BiologyStamfordUSA
  5. 5.New Hampshire Fish and Game DepartmentGreat Bay National,Estuarine Research ReserveDurhamUSA
  6. 6.Div. Science & Environmental PolicyCalifornia State University Monterey Bay (CSUMB)SeasideUSA

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors


From the book reviews:

“This multiauthored work provides chapters on the geology, physical oceanography, water chemistry, and ecology of Long Island Sound, sandwiched between chapters providing an overview of societal uses of the sound and a consideration of past and future management of its resources. … The well-written chapters provide competent, detailed summaries of each topic area. … Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above.” (S. R. Fegley, Choice, Vol. 51 (11), August, 2014)