Monitoring Atmospheric Water Vapour

Ground-Based Remote Sensing and In-situ Methods

  • Niklaus Kämpfer

Part of the ISSI Scientific Report Series book series (ISSI, volume 10)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages 1-1
  2. Niklaus Kämpfer
    Pages 1-7
  3. In Situ Sensors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Herman Smit, Rigel Kivi, Holger Vömel, Ari Paukkunen
      Pages 11-38
    3. Holger Vömel, Pierre Jeannet
      Pages 39-53
  4. Remote Sensing Sensors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Niklaus Kämpfer, Gerald Nedoluha, Alexander Haefele, Evelyn DeWachter
      Pages 71-93
    3. Matthias Schneider, Philippe Demoulin, Ralf Sussmann, Justus Notholt
      Pages 95-111
    4. Thierry Leblanc, Thomas Trickl, Hannes Vogelmann
      Pages 113-158
  5. Networks and Global Monitoring

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Jean-Christopher Lambert, Coralie De Clercq, Thomas Von Clarmann
      Pages 215-242
    3. Klemens Hocke, Lorenz Martin, Niklaus Käampfer
      Pages 243-288
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 283-283

About this book


Atmospheric water plays a key role in climate. Water vapour is the most abundant greenhouse gas and its condensed forms exert a profound influence on both incoming solar and outgoing infrared radiation. Unfortunately, accurate, height-resolved global-scale measurements of atmospheric humidity are difficult to obtain. The change in concentration of five orders of magnitude from the ground to the stratosphere means there is no standard instrument that will measure everywhere. This has led to different measuring techniques, all with strengths and weaknesses.

This book assesses all presently available techniques that are used in monitoring networks. Special weight is given to the different technical concepts, the accuracy of different sensor types, calibration issues and retrieval aspects.


atmospheric humidity measurements atmospheric research atmospheric water vapour climate change monitoring remote sensing techniques water vapour climate

Editors and affiliations

  • Niklaus Kämpfer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BernBernSwitzerland

Bibliographic information

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