Multiple Muscle Systems

Biomechanics and Movement Organization

  • Jack M. Winters
  • Savio L-Y. Woo

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Muscle Modeling

  3. Modeling Neuromusculoskeletal Movement Systems

  4. Principles Underlying Movement Organization: Upper Limb

    1. Neville Hogan, Jack M. Winters
      Pages 182-194
    2. A. G. Feldman, S. V. Adamovich, D. J. Ostry, J. R. Flanagan
      Pages 195-213
    3. Chi-haur Wu, James C. Houk, Kuu-Young Young, Lee E. Miller
      Pages 214-235
    4. Gerald L. Gottlieb, Daniel M. Corcos, Gyan C. Agarwal, Mark L. Latash
      Pages 236-250
    5. Daniel M. Corcos, Gerald L. Gottlieb, Slobodan Jaric, Ronita L. Cromwell, Gyan C. Agarwal
      Pages 251-267
    6. Stan Gielen, Gerrit-Jan van Ingen Schenau, Toine Tax, Marc Theeuwen
      Pages 302-311
    7. Amir H. Seif-Naraghi, Jack M. Winters
      Pages 312-334
    8. J. J. Denier van der Gon, A. C. C. Coolen, C. J. Erkelens, H. J. J. Jonker
      Pages 335-342
    9. Patrick E. Crago, Michel A. Lemay, Like Liu
      Pages 343-359
    10. Sanford G. Meek, John E. Wood, Stephen C. Jacobsen
      Pages 360-376
  5. Priciples Underlying Movement Organization: Spinal Loading and Postural Stability

    1. Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Jack M. Winters
      Pages 377-395
    2. Serge Gracovetsky
      Pages 410-437
    3. Joseph John Crisco III, Manohar M. Panjabi
      Pages 438-450
    4. Marek Dietrich, Krzysztof Kedzior, Tomasz Zagrajek
      Pages 451-460
    5. Emily A. Keshner, John H. J. Allum
      Pages 481-497
    6. Simon Bouisset, Maurice Zattara
      Pages 498-506
    7. Hoo Dennis Ong, Hooshang Hemami, Sheldon Simon
      Pages 518-533
    8. David A. Winter, Gordon K. Ruder, Colum D. MacKinnon
      Pages 534-541
  6. Principles Underlying Movement Organization: Propulsive and Cyclic Movements with Lower-Limb Emphasis

    1. R. McN. Alexander, R. F. Ker
      Pages 568-577
    2. Arthur E. Chapman, David J. Sanderson
      Pages 608-620
    3. Gerrit Jan van Ingen Schenau, Maarten F. Bobbert, Arthur J. van Soest
      Pages 639-652
    4. David A. Winter, Sandra J. Olney, Jill Conrad, Scott C. White, Sylvia Ounpuu, James R. Gage
      Pages 680-693
    5. John D. Brooke, William E. McIlroy
      Pages 706-716
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 775-801

About this book


The picture on the front cover of this book depicts a young man pulling a fishnet, a task of practical relevance for many centuries. It is a complex task, involving load transmission throughout the body, intricate balance, and eye­ head-hand coordination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable pertur­ bations, has a long history. However, despite a history of magnificent sculptures and drawings of the human body which vividly depict muscle ac­ tivity and interaction, until more recent times our state of knowledge of human movement was rather primitive. During the past century this has changed; we now have developed a considerable database regarding the com­ position and basic properties of muscle and nerve tissue and the basic causal relations between neural function and biomechanical movement. Over the last few decades we have also seen an increased appreciation of the impor­ tance of musculoskeletal biomechanics: the neuromotor system must control movement within a world governed by mechanical laws. We have now col­ lected quantitative data for a wealth of human movements. Our capacity to understand the data we collect has been enhanced by our continually evolving modeling capabilities and by the availability of computational power. What have we learned? This book is designed to help synthesize our current knowledge regarding the role of muscles in human movement. The study of human movement is not a mature discipline.


bioengineering biomechanics biomedical engineering diagnosis dynamics environment foot medicine neurophysiology physiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Jack M. Winters
    • 1
  • Savio L-Y. Woo
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Engineering and Applied Sciences Department of Chemical, Bio., and Materials EngineeringArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery Division of Orthopedics and RehabilitationUniversity of California at San Diego School of MedicineLa JollaUSA

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Consumer Packaged Goods