The Breakdown and Restoration of Ecosystems

  • M. W. Holdgate
  • M. J. Woodman

Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Nato and Science

    1. T. D. Allan
      Pages 1-3
  3. Introduction

    1. M. W. Holdgate
      Pages 5-7
  4. Basic Ecological Principles

  5. The Degradation of Land and Freshwater Ecosystems in Temperate Lands

  6. The Restoration of Degraded Ecosystems

    1. M. W. Holdgate
      Pages 211-211
    2. G. W. Dimbleby
      Pages 212-212
    3. The Restoration of the Soil

      1. D. Parkinson
        Pages 213-229
      2. S. Runolfsson
        Pages 231-240
    4. The Restoration of Vegetation and the Conservation of Plant Diversity

    5. The Role of Predators in Terrestrial Ecosystems

    6. The Restoration and Management of Freshwater Ecosystems

    7. Patterns of Land Use

  7. Final Dicussion

    1. M. W. Holdgate, M. J. Woodman
      Pages 465-473
  8. Conclusions

    1. M. W. Holdgate
      Pages 475-478
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 479-496

About these proceedings


This volume contains the papers presented at a conference on "The rehabilitation of severely damaged land and freshwater eco­ systems in temperate zones", held at Reykjavik, Iceland, from 4th to 11th July, 1976. The meeting was held under the auspices of the Ecosciences Panel of the N.A.T.O. Science Committee, and the organising expenses and greater part of the expenses of the speakers and chairmen were provided by N.A.T.O. The scientific programme was planned by M. W. Holdgate and M. J. Woodman, in consultation with numerous colleagues, and especially with the Administrative Director of the Conference in Iceland, Dr. Sturla Fridriksson. Iceland proved a particularly suitable location for such a Conference. Geologically, it is one of the youngest countries 1n the world, owing its origin to the up-welling of volcanic rock along the spreading zone of the mid-Atlantic ridge within the past 20 million years. Its structure, northern oceanic situation, recent glaciation and continuing volcanic activity make it distinct as a habitat and have given it a flora and fauna of especial interest. It is also a land of great natural beauty with its ice caps, waterfalls, volcanic landforms, geothermal features and dramatic coasts. In addition, its ecosystems have proved except­ ionally vulnerable to man's impact and it presents the kind of problem with which the Conference was concerned in an acute form.


Erosion Fauna Vegetation ecological principles ecosystem environment terrestrial ecosystem terrestrial ecosystems

Editors and affiliations

  • M. W. Holdgate
    • 1
  • M. J. Woodman
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Terrestrial EcologyNatural Environment Research CouncilCambridgeEngland

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