© 1988

X-Efficiency: Theory, Evidence and Applications


Part of the Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series book series (TREP, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xix
  2. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 1-8
  3. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 9-35
  4. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 61-81
  5. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 83-116
  6. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 117-136
  7. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 137-159
  8. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 161-181
  9. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 183-199
  10. Roger S. Frantz
    Pages 201-210
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 211-227

About this book


My interest in X-Efficiency (XE) dates back to 1978. At the time, I was writing the dissertation for my Ph. D. at Washington State University. My dissertation was concerned with the role of attitudes in the school-to-work transition among young men. I was advised by Professor Millard Hastay (a member of my committee) to look at Leibenstein's "new" book, Beyond Economic Man. One of the things that caught my attention was his be­ havioral description of (selective) rationality. It seemed that Leibenstein's behavioral description of a (selectively) rational individual was very similar to what psychologists such as Abraham Maslow were reporting as being the product of a particular motivational system. In other words, I was im­ pressed with the idea that what Leibenstein was referring to as X-ineffi­ ciency was being discussed by psychologists as "the way it (often) is. " So from the beginning I always considered the concept of X-(in)efficiency to be a valuable one for understanding human behavior. I have since come to believe that this is particularly true when considering behavior in non­ market environments, i. e. , within the firm. Work on this book, however, can most realistically said to have started with work which I began in 1982 while I was a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University. Professor Leibenstein suggested that I consider how some em­ pirical evidence which was being cited as evidence for the role of property rights might also be consistent with XE theory.


competition design development interest management market structure production productivity regulation research service transition university utility welfare

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.San Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title X-Efficiency: Theory, Evidence and Applications
  • Authors Roger S. Frantz
  • Series Title Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-89838-242-6
  • Softcover ISBN 978-1-4613-3801-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4613-3799-7
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XX, 228
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Industrial Organization
    Economics, general
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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`The major contribution, in my opinion, is that it provides a rich resource for the use of any scholar who wishes to learn about the x-efficiency theory and its existence in the real world. Moreover, it willprovide very valuable assistance to any researcher in any field who is studying questions of efficiency, worker motivation, and the psychology of the work place.'
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 14, 1990.