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Dynamic Modeling for Marine Conservation

  • Matthias Ruth
  • James Lindholm

Part of the Modeling Dynamic Systems book series (MDS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Concepts and Techniques

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Matthias Ruth, James Lindholm
      Pages 3-20
    3. Matthias Ruth, James Lindholm
      Pages 21-42
    4. Matthias Ruth, James Lindholm
      Pages 43-53
    5. Matthias Ruth
      Pages 54-73
    6. Matthias Ruth
      Pages 98-121
  3. Applications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. Joe Grzymski, Mark A. Moline, Jay T. Cullen
      Pages 125-143
    3. Pamela M. Behm, Roelof M. J. Boumans
      Pages 164-190
    4. Mark Maguire, Matthias Ruth
      Pages 214-230
    5. Erin J. Tornatore, Matthias Ruth
      Pages 231-256
    6. James Lindholm, Peter Auster, Matthias Ruth, Les Kaufman
      Pages 342-355
    7. Richard Langton, James Lindholm, James Wilson, Sally Sherman
      Pages 376-394
    8. Denise Johnston, Chris Soderquist, Donnella Meadows
      Pages 395-417
  4. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 419-419
    2. James Lindholm, Matthias Ruth
      Pages 421-423
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 425-451

About this book

Introduction

The oceans are shrinking. They're not literally shrinking; warming in the last century has actually expanded the sea enough to threaten low-lying coastal lands that are vul­ nerable to storm surge. During the same interval, however, events on land have increasingly affected the sea. Since in most ways the Earth is a closed system-a zero-sum planet in today's parlance-as terrestrial influence on the sea expands, the sea's influence on its own processes shrinks. Control of many crucial marine processes no longer resides within the sea. The evidence for this is abundant and, to anyone who is looking, unmis­ takable. In recent decades scientists have witnessed unprecedented pertur­ bations and increases in previously uncommon events that demonstrate growing terrestrial influences on the sea. Numerous marine species, from sea urchins to monk seals, have experienced devastating epidemics. The number of harmful algal blooms and jellyfishpopulation explosions is rising An hypoxic "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico off the mouth of the Mississippi Rivernow appears each year and grows to encompass an area as large as NewJersey. Live coral cover in shallow reefs in Florida,Jamaica, the Maldives and many other locations has severely declined. Deepwater reef­ building corals, once widely distributed, have disappeared throughout much of their ranges. Researchers have discovered high concentrations of persis­ tent organic pollutants in declining populations of beluga whales and polar bears, both high trophic level predators in marine food webs.

Keywords

The commons aquaculture biodiversity ecosystem environment marine invertebrates phytoplankton plankton predator sustainability

Editors and affiliations

  • Matthias Ruth
    • 1
  • James Lindholm
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Program School of Public AffairsUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Stellwagen Bank NationalMarine SanctuaryScituateUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-0057-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-6544-3
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-0057-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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