Autobiographical Memory and the Validity of Retrospective Reports

  • Norbert Schwarz
  • Seymour Sudman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Introduction and Overview

    1. Norbert Schwarz, Seymour Sudman
      Pages 1-8
  3. Persepectives on Restrospective Reports

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. William F. Brewer
      Pages 11-20
    3. Michael Ross, Roger Buehler
      Pages 55-69
    4. Mahzarin R. Banaji, Curtis Hardin
      Pages 71-86
  4. Retrospective Reports of Behaviors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-87
    2. Peter Salovey, William J. Sieber, Jared B. Jobe, Gordon B. Willis
      Pages 89-106
    3. Barbara Means, Gary E. Swan, Jared B. Jobe, James L. Esposito
      Pages 107-119
    4. Albert F. Smith, Jared B. Jobe
      Pages 121-140
    5. Norbert Schwarz, Hans-J. Hippler, Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann
      Pages 187-199
  5. Event Dating and Time Estimation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 201-201
    2. Norman M. Bradburn, Janellen Huttenlocher, Larry Hedges
      Pages 203-215
    3. John J. Skowronski, Andrew L. Betz, Charles P. Thompson, W. Richard Walker, Laura Shannon
      Pages 217-231
  6. Comparisons of Self and Proxy Reports

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 233-233
    2. David J. Mingay, Steven K. Shevell, Norman M. Bradburn, Carl Ramirez
      Pages 235-250
    3. Seymour Sudman, Barbara Bickart, Johnny Blair, Geeta Menon
      Pages 251-265
    4. Diane Holmberg, John G. Holmes
      Pages 267-288
  7. Memories of the Past and Judgement of Personal and Social Change

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 289-289
    2. Leslie F. Clark, James E. Collins II, Susan M. Henry
      Pages 291-304
    3. Howard Schuman, Cheryl Rieger, Vladas Gaidys
      Pages 313-333
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 335-360

About this book


Autobiographical Memory and the Validity of Retrospective Reports presents the collaborative efforts of cognitive psychologists and research methodologists in the area of autobiographical memory. The editors have included an esteemed group of researchers whose work covers a wide range of issues related to autobiographical memory and the validity of retrospective reports, reflecting the diverse traditions in cognitive psychology and survey research. The first part of the book provides different theoretical perspectives on retrospective reports, along with supporting experimental evidence. The second part of this volume focuses specifically on retrospective reports of behaviors, including recall of the frequency and intensity of physical pain, of the number of cigarettes smoked, of dietary habits, and of child support payments. The following sections address the cognitive processes involved in event dating and time estimation, and a discussion of the differences between self and proxy reports. The final part extends the discussion of autobiographical memories in different directions, including the impact of autobiographical memories on individuals' assessment of their current life, the assessment of social change on the basis of retrospective reports, and the issue of collective memories. This book, an indispensable and timely resource for researchers and students of cognitive psychology as well as to survey methodologists and statisticians, demonstrates the considerable progress made in understanding the cognitive dynamics of retrospective reports.


cognitive psychology memory pain psychology

Editors and affiliations

  • Norbert Schwarz
    • 1
  • Seymour Sudman
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Survey Research LaboratoryUniversity of Illinios at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

Bibliographic information