Building in Big Brother

The Cryptographic Policy Debate

  • Lance J. Hoffman

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Introduction

    1. Lance J. Hoffman
      Pages 1-3
  3. Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. Deborah Russell, G. T. Gangemi Sr., Rebecca J. Duncan, Datapro Information Services Group, RSA Laboratories, Association for Computing Machinery et al.
      Pages 7-107
    3. Dorothy E. Denning, Ernest F. Brickell, Dorothy E. Denning, Stephen T. Kent, David P. Maher, Walter Tuchman et al.
      Pages 109-225
  4. Current Government Policy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 227-227
    2. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, Albert Gore, Ernest F. Brickell, Martha Harris, U.S. Department of Justice et al.
      Pages 229-262
    3. Steven Levy, Dorothy E. Denning, David Gelernter, Stewart A. Baker, Bruce Sterling, John Perry Barlow et al.
      Pages 263-319
  5. Aspects of Cryptographic Policy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 321-321
    2. 103rd Congress, 2nd Session, Louis J. Freeh, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Electronic Privacy Information Center, Department of Justice, Betsy Anderson et al.
      Pages 323-390
    3. Whitfield Diffie, William M. Bulkeley, Digital Privacy and Security Working Group, American Civil Liberties Unionl, A. Michael Froomkin, James Chandler et al.
      Pages 391-452
    4. David S. Bernstein, Geoffrey W. Turner, Stephen T. Walker, Larry E. Christensen, United States Department of State, John M. Harmon
      Pages 453-548
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 549-560

About this book


The announcement of the Clipper chip by the U.S. Government in April 1993 set off a frenzy of discussions about cryptography policy in the technological community. The shock waves from it ultimately included front page treatment in The New York Times, repeated questions to the Vice President, creation of several new newsgroups on the Internet, and some very productive public discussions about striking the balance between national security, law enforcement, and civil liberties. We still don't have good answers for some of the questions that have been raised. As the Global Information Infrastructure is being built, we are writing portions of the Constitution for Cyberspace. I've been fortunate to have a front row seat and to share much of this with my students. The original reading and selection of materials was made by the first cohort of students* in The George Washington University Accel­ erated Master of Science Program in Telecommunications and Com­ puters at the Ashburn, Virginia campus. They worked many long hours-reading, debating, and selecting materials for this book. In addition, Bob Patton spent a great deal of time scanning and editing the material. Nestor Torres prepared the index. And Harish Nalinak­ shan provided an enormous amount of technical and administrative assistance and kept the project on track as new developments took place in the debate and new papers and legislation reflected these. As with most readings books, some of the selections cover similar material. We have tried to hold this duplication to an acceptable level.


cryptography cryptosystem data encryption digital signature encryption privacy

Editors and affiliations

  • Lance J. Hoffman
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Computer and Telecommunications Systems Policy School of Engineering and Applied ScienceThe George Washington UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science School of Engineering and Applied ScienceThe George Washington UniversityUSA

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