© 2009

Flowering Plants

  • Armen Takhtajan
  • The author is one of the greatest botanists of the 20th century

  • The book presents his most recent last views and understanding of plant evolution

  • The author has a very wide following

  • Young scientists/students will appreciate the opportunity to learn author’s views

  • Young scientists/students will see how Takhtajan’s system is used by other botanists

  • The book is certain to become a classic reference for a wide range of biologists, as well as phylogenists, taxonomists and paleobotanists


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xlv
  2. Back Matter
    Pages 751-871

About this book


Armen Takhtajan is among the greatest authorities in the world on the evolution of plants. This book culminates almost sixty years of the scientist's research of the origin and classification of the flowering plants. It presents a continuation of Dr. Takhtajan’s earlier publications including "Systema Magnoliophytorum" (1987), (in Russian), and "Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants" (1997), (in English). In his latest book, the author presents a concise and significantly revised system of plant classification (`Takhtajan system') based on the most recent studies in plant morphology, embryology, phytochemistry, cytology, molecular biology and palynology. Flowering plants are divided into two classes: class Magnoliopsida (or Dicotyledons) includes 8 subclasses, 126 orders, c. 440 families, almost 10,500 genera, and no less than 195,000 species; and class Liliopsida (or Monocotyledons) includes 4 subclasses, 31 orders, 120 families, more than 3,000 genera, and about 65,000 species.This book contains a detailed description of plant orders, and descriptive keys to plant families providing characteristic features of the families and their differences.


Asteridae Caryophyllidae Commelinidae Dilleniidae Embryo Hamamelididae Lamiidae Liliidae Liliopsida Magnoliidae Magnoliopsida Ranunculidae Rosidae evolution plant morphology Systematic Botany

Editors and affiliations

  • Armen Takhtajan
    • 1
  1. 1.Komarov Botanical Institute, St. PetersburgRussia

About the editors

The author is one of the greatest botanists of the 20th century who was awarded "The Henry Allan Gleason Award" by the New York Botanical Garden  for the book "Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants" (1997). Citation: This work, which is a complete classification of the angiosperms to the genus level, is the culmination of over sixty years of research in botany focusing on flowering plants systematics and phytogeography.

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From the foreword by Peter Raven

Takhtajan’s most important achievement has been the development of his phylogenetic system of the flowering plants, a system that has greatly influenced all other recent systems of classification …….. The classification presented in the current book should be understood as a summary of a life’s study of plants and the system that his insights support – the work of a very great botanist that takes into account not only his own meticulous studies but as much of the contemporary information as he was able to assimilate and take into account. …. The new insights and ideas in the book likewise will inspire new levels of thinking about the relationships between the families of angiosperms and their evolutionary history, including the convergent and parallel evolution of particular features. (excerpt from the foreword by Peter Raven)