The period in the foundations of mathematics that started in 1879 with the publication of Frege's *Begriffsschrift *and ended in 1931 with Gödel's *Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme I* can reasonably be called the classical period. It saw the development of three major foundational programmes: the logicism of Frege, Russell and Whitehead, the intuitionism of Brouwer, and Hilbert's formalist and proof-theoretic programme. In this period, there were also lively exchanges between the various schools culminating in the famous Hilbert-Brouwer controversy in the 1920s.

The purpose of this anthology is to review the programmes in the foundations of mathematics from the classical period and to assess their possible relevance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. What can we say, in retrospect, about the various foundational programmes of the classical period and the disputes that took place between them? To what extent do the classical programmes of logicism, intuitionism and formalism represent options that are still alive today? These questions are addressed in this volume by leading mathematical logicians and philosophers of mathematics.

The volume will be of interest primarily to researchers and graduate students of philosophy, logic, mathematics and theoretical computer science. The material will be accessible to specialists in these areas and to advanced graduate students in the respective fields.

#### About the editors

Sten Lindström is Professor of Philosophy at Umeå University and has been a Research Fellow at the Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study (SCAS). He has published papers on intensional logic, belief revision and philosophy of language, and co-edited the books *Logic, Action and Cognition: Essays in Philosophical Logic* (Kluwer, 1997) and *Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work, I-II* (Kluwer, 2001).

Erik Palmgren is Professor of Mathematics at Uppsala University. His research interests are mainly mathematical logic and the foundations of mathematics. He is presently working on the foundational programme of replacing impredicative constructions by inductive constructions in mathematics, with special emphasis on point-free topology and topos theory.

Krister Segerberg is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at Uppsala University and the University of Auckland. He is the author of papers in modal logic, the logic of action, belief revision and deontic logic, as well as the books *An Essay in Classical Modal Logic* (1971) and *Classical Propositional Operators: An Exercise in the Foundations of Logic* (1982).

Viggo Stoltenberg-Hansen is professor of Mathematical Logic at Uppsala University. His main interests include computability and constructivity in mathematics.