# Logicism, Intuitionism, and Formalism

## What has Become of Them?

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Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 341)

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Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 341)

The period in the foundations of mathematics that started in 1879 with the publication of Frege's *Begriffsschrift *and ended in 1931 with Gödel's *Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme I* can reasonably be called the classical period. It saw the development of three major foundational programmes: the logicism of Frege, Russell and Whitehead, the intuitionism of Brouwer, and Hilbert's formalist and proof-theoretic programme. In this period, there were also lively exchanges between the various schools culminating in the famous Hilbert-Brouwer controversy in the 1920s.

The purpose of this anthology is to review the programmes in the foundations of mathematics from the classical period and to assess their possible relevance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. What can we say, in retrospect, about the various foundational programmes of the classical period and the disputes that took place between them? To what extent do the classical programmes of logicism, intuitionism and formalism represent options that are still alive today? These questions are addressed in this volume by leading mathematical logicians and philosophers of mathematics.

The volume will be of interest primarily to researchers and graduate students of philosophy, logic, mathematics and theoretical computer science. The material will be accessible to specialists in these areas and to advanced graduate students in the respective fields.

Bertrand Russell Formalism Foundations of mathematics Gottlob Frege Intuitionism Logicism Philosophy of mathematics Topology Variable calculus mathematics proof theorem type theory

- DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8926-8
- Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2009
- Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
- eBook Packages Mathematics and Statistics
- Print ISBN 978-1-4020-8925-1
- Online ISBN 978-1-4020-8926-8
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