Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism

  • Hiltmar Schubert
  • Andrey Kuznetsov
Conference proceedings

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. A. V. Kuznetsov, O. I. Osetrov
    Pages 7-13
  3. G. Viesti, A. Donzella, G. Bonomi, C. Botosso, D. Fabris, M. Lunardon et al.
    Pages 39-46
  4. M. D. Karetnikov, A. I. Klimov, K. N. Kozlov, E. A. Meleshko, I. E. Ostashev, G. V. Yakovlev
    Pages 47-54
  5. V. A. Kalinin, A. V. Evsenin, A. V. Kuznetsov, O. I. Osetrov, D. N. Vakhtin, P. D. Yurmanov et al.
    Pages 71-78
  6. M. Stancl, M. Kyncl
    Pages 79-96
  7. T. J. T. Kwan, R. E. Morgado, Tai-Sen F. Wang, B. Vodolaga, V. Terekhin, L. M. Onischenko et al.
    Pages 97-116
  8. V. A. Teryokhin, Yu. I. Chernukhin
    Pages 117-121
  9. D. Rondeshagen, G. Arnold, S. Bockisch, K. -P. Francke, J. Leonhardt, A. Küster
    Pages 123-132
  10. I. Johansson, M. Norrefeldt, A. Pettersson, S. Wallin, H. Östmark
    Pages 143-153
  11. Kai Masuda, K. Yoshikawa, T. Misawa, K. Yamauchi, Y. Takahashi, S. Shiroya et al.
    Pages 155-166
  12. G. Bunte, W. Schweikert, J. Deimling, F. Schnürer, H. Krause
    Pages 179-188
  13. Y. Divin, U. Poppe, K. Urban
    Pages 189-204
  14. C. J. De Ruiter, O. M. E. J. Lemmens
    Pages 205-213
  15. W. Schade, C. Bauer, R. Orghici, S. Waldvogel, S. Börner
    Pages 215-225

About these proceedings


The organization of an Advanced Research Workshop with the title “Detection and Disposal of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism” was motivated by international findings about activities in this field of application. This ARW followed a meeting about the “Detection of Disposal Improvised Explosives” (St. Petersburg, 2005). Both items show the logistic problems as one of the lessons, terrorists have to overcome. These problems are connected with the illegal supply and transport of explosives and fuels and as counter-measure the detection of these materials. The invention of liquid explosives goes back to the middle of the 19th century and was used for special purposes in the commercial field of application. Because of the high sensitivity of liquid explosives against mechanical shock, caused by adiabatic compression of air-bobbles producing “hot spots” as origin of initiation the commercial application was not very successful. Because of this high risk, liquid explosives are not used in military or commercial application with some exceptions. In the commercial field explosives as slurries or emulsions consisting of suitable salts (Ammoniumnitrate etc.) and water are used to a large extend because of their high insensitivity. In many cases these slurries or emulsions were unfit for terrorist actions, because of their low sensitivity, large critical diameter and using in confinement. In the military field liquid explosives are used in World War I and II as bomb-fillings.


Biophysics NATO Peace Physics Science Security Sub-Series B optimization sensor spectroscopy

Editors and affiliations

  • Hiltmar Schubert
    • 1
  • Andrey Kuznetsov
    • 2
  1. 1.Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical TechnologyPfinztalGermany
  2. 2.V.G. Khlopin Radium InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Bibliographic information

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