© 2008

Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 Years

  • Stefan Brönnimann
  • Jürg Luterbacher
  • Tracy Ewen
  • Henry F. Diaz
  • Richard S. Stolarski
  • Urs Neu

Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 33)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. The Observational Climate Record

    1. S. Brönnimann, T. Ewen, J. Luterbacher, H. F. Diaz, R. S. Stolarski, U. Neu
      Pages 1-25
    2. G. V. Alekseev, S. I. Kuzmina, A. P. Nagurny, N. E. Ivanov
      Pages 47-63
    3. S. D. Woodruff, H. F. Diaz, E. C. Kent, R. W. Reynolds, S. J. Worley
      Pages 65-83
    4. A. M. Sterin, V. M. Khan, K. G. Rubinshtein
      Pages 85-101
    5. S. Uppala, A. Simmons, D. Dee, P. Kållberg, J.-N. Thépaut
      Pages 103-117
    6. S. Brönnimann, C. Vogler, J. Staehelin, R. Stolarski, G. Hansen
      Pages 129-140
  3. Climate Trends: Forcings and Processes

  4. Climate Variability and Extremes

    1. S. C. Scherrer, M. A. Liniger, C. Appenzeller, S. C. Scherrer, M. A. Liniger, C. Appenzeller
      Pages 251-267
  5. Chemical Changes and the Variability of the Stratosphere

    1. J. Staehelin, C. Schnadt Poberaj, J. Staehelin, C. Schnadt Poberaj
      Pages 271-282

About this book


Large progress has been made in the past few years towards quantifying and understanding climate variability during past centuries. At the same time, present-day climate has been studied using state-of-the-art data sets and tools with respect to the physical and chemical mechanisms governing climate variability. Both the understanding of the past and the knowledge of the processes are important for assessing and attributing the anthropogenic effect on present and future climate. The most important time period in this context is the past approximately 100 years, which comprises large natural variations and extremes (such as long droughts) as well as anthropogenic influences, most pronounced in the past few decades. Recent and ongoing research efforts steadily improve the observational record of the 20th century, while atmospheric circulation models are used to underpin the mechanisms behind large climatic variations. Atmospheric chemistry and composition are important for understanding climate variability and change, and considerable progress has been made in the past few years in this field. The evolving integration of these research areas in a more comprehensive analysis of recent climate variability was reflected in the organisation of a workshop “Climate variability and extremes in the past 100 years” in Gwatt near Thun (Switzerland), 24–26 July 2006. The aim of this workshop was to bring together scientists working on data issues together with statistical climatologists, modellers, and atmospheric chemists to discuss gaps in our understanding of climate variability during the past approximately 100 years.


Aerosol Climate change Climate extremes Climate variability Cloud Precipitation cloudiness satellite temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • Stefan Brönnimann
    • 1
  • Jürg Luterbacher
    • 2
  • Tracy Ewen
    • 1
  • Henry F. Diaz
    • 3
  • Richard S. Stolarski
    • 4
  • Urs Neu
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute for Atmospheric and Climate ScienceETH ZürichSwitzerland
  2. 2.NCCR Climate and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research and Institute of GeographyUniversity of BernSwitzerland
  3. 3.NOAA-ESRLBoulderUSA
  4. 4.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  5. 5.ProClimBernSwitzerland

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 Years
  • Editors Stefan Brönnimann
    Jürg Luterbacher
    Tracy Ewen
    Henry F. Diaz
    Richard S. Stolarski
    Urs Neu
  • Series Title Advances in Global Change Research
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Netherlands 2008
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Earth and Environmental Science (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-1-4020-6765-5
  • Softcover ISBN 978-94-007-8691-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-4020-6766-2
  • Series ISSN 1574-0919
  • Series E-ISSN 2215-1621
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XV, 364
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Atmospheric Sciences
    Climate Change
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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"This volume brings together a fascinating and varied set of papers on climatic variability and change. The papers highlight what modellers can learn by greater study of observations, while the latter were informed about the types of observations required to reduce model uncertainties." Phil Jones, University of East Anglia

"The authors of this volume extend the classical reanalysis perspective for studying climate phenomena during the past 100 years!" Heinz Wanner, Director, Swiss NCCR Climate

'The book provides interesting and topical summaries of the state of knowledge on a number of key global climate variables such as sea surface temperature, upper air temperature, and stratospheric ozone', EOS, Michael Manton, Monash University, Australia