© 2004

The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future

  • Henry F. Diaz
  • Raymond S. Bradley


  • First time topical synthesis with an historcial overview and future scenarios


Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 21)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past, And Future

  3. The Role of the Hadley Cell in Atmospheric Circulation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Tércio Ambrizzi, Everaldo B. de Souza, Roger S. Pulwarty
      Pages 203-235
    3. Dominik Fleitmann, Stephen J. Burns, Ulrich Neff, Manfred Mudelsee, Augusto Mangini, Jan Kramers et al.
      Pages 259-287
    4. Athanasios Koutavas, Jean Lynch-Stieglitz
      Pages 347-369
  4. Variability of the Hadley Circulation in the Past

About this book


The Hadley and Walker Circulations are fundamental regulators of the Earth’s energy budget. Although the Hadley Circulation is a well-known concept, surprisingly little attention has been paid to understanding both short and long-term variability of the system. This book reviews current knowledge of Hadley and Walker circulation dynamics and their interactions with the major global monsoon systems, and evaluates paleoclimatic records within the domain of the Hadley Circulation that shed light on past variability of climate over the last 1000 years, the Holocene (the last 11,500 years), glacial periods, and warm climate periods in the past.  The book examines potentially important factors that may have affected the Hadley and Walker Circulations on these different time scales and evaluates changes in the Hadley Circulation and the monsoons as simulated by coupled models of past climate conditions, and predicted future conditions under an enhanced greenhouse effect.  This book is meant to serve as a fundamental reference work for current and future researchers, graduate students in the atmospheric sciences and geosciences, and climate specialists involved in interdisciplinary research.


Atmospheric circulation Climatology Global Change Greenhouse effect Hadley and Walker Circulation ITC ITCZ Meteorology Paleoclimate Scale

Editors and affiliations

  • Henry F. Diaz
    • 1
  • Raymond S. Bradley
    • 2
  1. 1.Climate Diagnostics Center, Oceanic and Atmospheric ResearchNOAABoulderUSA
  2. 2.Climate System Research Center, Department of GeosciencesUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences


From the reviews:

"This book aims to address the nature and causes of variation in the Hadley circulation … . The great strength of this book lies in the combination of its three parts. It succeeds in combining 17 contributions from authoritative climatologists, palaeoclimatologists and modellers into a coherent volume. … Overall, this is a superb book, which should be on all university bookshelves. It will be of value to researchers and students over a broad range of climate-related disciplines." (Gerard van der Schrier, The Holocene, Vol. 16 (4), 2006)