© 1999

Democratization in Russia under Gorbachev, 1985–91

The Birth of a Voluntary Sector


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Anne White
    Pages 19-40
  3. Anne White
    Pages 41-65
  4. Anne White
    Pages 86-117
  5. Anne White
    Pages 118-139
  6. Anne White
    Pages 140-157
  7. Anne White
    Pages 158-181
  8. Anne White
    Pages 182-192
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 193-260

About this book


Self-help organizations and charities were the most numerous, but least-studied of pressure groups to emerge during perestroika . This book examines the social exclusion experienced before 1985 by non-working citizens, studies the pre-1985 disabled people's movement and its numerous unofficial, but non-dissident organizations, discusses why the Gorbachev leadership adopted the non-Soviet concept of 'charity', analyses the failure of local authorities after 1985 to stave off pluralism and defeat the voluntary organizations, and assesses how successfully the latter built the foundations of a civil society.


communism democratization organization pluralism democracy

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of BathUK

About the authors

ANNE WHITE is Lecturer in Russian, Department of European Studies and Modern Languages, University of Bath. She is the author of De-Stalinization and the House of Culture: Declining State Control over Leisure in the USSR, Poland and Hungary, 1953-1989, and number of articles on the Russian.

Bibliographic information


This monograph provides a detailed and fascinating survey of the emergence of the 'voluntary sector' in the USSR during the early 1980s and throughout the reign of M.S. Gorbachev as General Secretary. Russian Review