Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. John Darwin
    Pages 3-33
  3. John Darwin
    Pages 34-68
  4. John Darwin
    Pages 69-125
  5. John Darwin
    Pages 126-166
  6. John Darwin
    Pages 167-221
  7. John Darwin
    Pages 222-288
  8. John Darwin
    Pages 289-328
  9. John Darwin
    Pages 329-335
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 336-383

About this book


In the 25 years after 1945 Britain's worldwide empire fell to piece and Britain ceased to be a great power. Britain abandoned her Indian Empire, gave up her rule over the African and Asian Colonies, surrendered her premier position in the Middle East and withdrew from almost all the bases - like Aden and Singapore - which had once been the 'tollgates and barbicans of empire'. At the same time, she gave up the long tradition of aloofness from Europe and entered the EEC. How did these vast changes in Britain's world position come about? Was Britain driven into imperial retreat by the main force of Afro-Asian nationalism and superpower pressure? Were the colonial transfers of power a noble and timely recognition or the political maturity of the colonial peoples, as Harold Macmillan once claimed? Or had Britain weighed the costs and benefits of empire in an age of rapid economic and international change, and decided that the colonial game was not worth the financial candle? If so, how are the apparent contradictions in British policy to be explained - the dangerous adventure at Suez, the extensive commitments East of Suez not terminated until 1971 and the Falklands war? How far indeed were the British able to control events in their colonial territories? And why did some colonies become independent so much earlier than others?

This book describes the aims and policies which the British tried to pursue in their last imperial age and examines the conflicting explanations put forward for Britain's part in decolonisation - that great reordering of world politics that has taken place since 1945.


conflict Falklands War nationalism Policy politics

About the authors

JOHN DARWIN was formerly Lecturer in History at the University of Reading and is now Beit Lectuer in the History of the British Commonwealth and Fellow od Nuffield College, Oxford. He is the author of Britain, Egypt and the Middle East (1981).

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Britain and Decolonisation
  • Book Subtitle The retreat from empire in the post-war world
  • Authors John Darwin
  • Series Title The Making of the 20th Century
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Macmillan Publishers Limited 1988
  • Publisher Name Palgrave, London
  • eBook Packages Palgrave History Collection History (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-0-333-29256-3
  • Softcover ISBN 978-0-333-29258-7
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-349-19547-3
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XIII, 400
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Additional Information Previously published under the imprint Palgrave
  • Topics History of Britain and Ireland
  • Buy this book on publisher's site