Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Jonathan Riley-Smith
    Pages 1-8
  3. Jonathan Riley-Smith
    Pages 9-27
  4. Jonathan Riley-Smith
    Pages 28-52
  5. Jonathan Riley-Smith
    Pages 53-77
  6. Jonathan Riley-Smith
    Pages 78-80
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 81-97

About this book


Few attempts had been made to define 'the crusade' before the first edition of this book was published in 1977. Since then a number of historians have built on Professor Riley-Smith's conclusions. Their research has been incorporated into this second edition, which remains a starting point for any study of the crusading movement. The book deals with the legitimising authority of the papacy, the nature of the crusade vow and of the privilege accorded to crusaders, the developments of the indulgence, and the role of Military Orders.


bibliography crusades Eastern Europe edition Europe heretics nature peace Spain

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.WindsorUK

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title What Were the Crusades?
  • Authors Jonathan Riley-Smith
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992
  • Publisher Name Palgrave, London
  • eBook Packages Palgrave History Collection History (R0)
  • Softcover ISBN 978-0-333-56769-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-1-349-12779-5
  • Edition Number 2
  • Number of Pages X, 97
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Additional Information Previously published under the imprint Palgrave
  • Topics History of Medieval Europe
  • Buy this book on publisher's site