© 1992

The Spectre of Democracy

The Rise of Modern Democracy as seen by its Critics


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Facts and Theories

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Michael Levin
      Pages 3-33
    3. Michael Levin
      Pages 34-67
  3. Thinkers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Michael Levin
      Pages 71-90
    3. Michael Levin
      Pages 91-110
    4. Michael Levin
      Pages 111-133
    5. Michael Levin
      Pages 134-153
  4. Democracy and Discrimination

  5. Part IV

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 199-199
    2. Michael Levin
      Pages 201-217
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 218-249

About this book


This study examines the arguments that the democratic movement has had to overcome. A history of franchise extension in the USA, France, Germany and the United Kingdom provides the context for examining the attitudes to democracy of John Adams, de Tocqueville, Hegel and Carlyle.


democracy Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Germany ideology USA women

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Goldsmiths’ CollegeUniversity of LondonUK

Bibliographic information