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Hormones and Pharmaceuticals Generated by Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

Transport in Water and Soil

  • Amy Pruden
  • Laurence S. Shore

Part of the Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology book series (ETEP, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Laurence Shore, Amy Pruden
    Pages 1-5
  3. Laurence Shore
    Pages 7-12
  4. Laurence Shore
    Pages 13-21
  5. Laurence Shore
    Pages 23-27
  6. Laurence S. Shore, Francis X.M. Casey
    Pages 37-46
  7. Laurence Shore
    Pages 47-51
  8. Yosef Steinberger, Laurence Shore
    Pages 53-61
  9. Thomas Heberer
    Pages 95-114
  10. Laurence Shore, Robert Wershaw
    Pages 115-123
  11. Amy Pruden, Laurence Shore
    Pages 125-135
  12. Back Matter
    Pages 143-147

About this book

Introduction

Hormones and Pharmaceuticals Generated by Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: Transport in Water and Soil examines how hormones, antibiotics and pharmaceuticals generated from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) of cattle, poultry, swine and aquaculture are transported in water and soil. Little is known of the environmental fate of the tons of physiologically active steroid hormones released each year. In their own regard, in the last 20 years considerable attention has been given to a wide variety of natural and anthropomorphic agents known as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs). Until the contribution of steroid hormones to the environment are better defined, it will be difficult to quantify the exact impact of EDCs. While some advances in the understanding of the fate of these compounds in water has been made, little is known about the processes that govern their transport in soil or how they eventually reach groundwater. As this book discusses extensively, it is somewhat of a mystery how steroids, with their lipophilic nature, strong binding to humic acids and extensive metabolism by soil bacteria, can be transported through even a few centimeters of soil, let alone 20 to 40 meters to the groundwater. With respect to antibiotics, the emphasis is on their fate and transport in the environment and on the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Impacts on soil ecology, including the impact of antibiotics on the metabolism of other active agents, is also discussed. Similarly, the acaricides and insecticides used in animal husbandry are widely used and their environmental pathways have been studied and have significant impacts on soil and dung ecology. Active compounds with potential environmental impacts, such as growth promoters generated from CAFOs, are described. However, because little is known of their environmental fate, emphasis is placed on defining the gaps in our knowledge and defining their possible effects.

Keywords

animal husbandry antibiotics aquaculture bacteria biomass ecology ecotoxicology environment environmental sciences groundwater hormones livestock pollution soil steroids

Editors and affiliations

  • Amy Pruden
  • Laurence S. Shore

There are no affiliations available

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-92834-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 2009
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-0-387-92833-3
  • Online ISBN 978-0-387-92834-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1868-1344
  • Series Online ISSN 1868-1352
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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