Handbook of Multilevel Analysis

  • Jan de Leeuw
  • Erik Meijer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIII
  2. Jan de Leeuw, Erik Meijer
    Pages 1-75
  3. David Draper
    Pages 77-139
  4. Tom A.B. Snijders, Johannes Berkhof
    Pages 141-175
  5. Mirjam Moerbeek, Gerard J. P. Van Breukelen, Martijn P.F. Berger
    Pages 177-205
  6. Stephen W. Raudenbush
    Pages 207-236
  7. Anders Skrondal, Sophia Rabe-Hesketh
    Pages 275-299
  8. Jon Rasbash, William J. Browne
    Pages 301-334
  9. Germán Rodríguez
    Pages 335-376
  10. Nicholas T. Longford
    Pages 377-399
  11. Rien van der Leeden, Erik Meijer, Frank M.T.A. Busing
    Pages 401-433
  12. Stephen H. C. du Toit, Mathilda du Toit
    Pages 435-478
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 479-493

About this book


Multilevel analysis is the statistical analysis of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. The simplest example is clustered data, such as a sample of students clustered within schools. Multilevel data are especially prevalent in the social and behavioral sciences and in the bio-medical sciences. The models used for this type of data are linear and nonlinear regression models that account for observed and unobserved heterogeneity at the various levels in the data.

This book presents the state of the art in multilevel analysis, with an emphasis on more advanced topics. These topics are discussed conceptually, analyzed mathematically, and illustrated by empirical examples. The authors of the chapters are the leading experts in the field.

Given the omnipresence of multilevel data in the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences, this book is useful for empirical researchers in these fields. Prior knowledge of multilevel analysis is not required, but a basic knowledge of regression analysis, (asymptotic) statistics, and matrix algebra is assumed.

Jan de Leeuw is Distinguished Professor of Statistics and Chair of the Department of Statistics, University of California at Los Angeles. He is former president of the Psychometric Society, former editor of the Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, founding editor of the Journal of Statistical Software, and editor of the Journal of Multivariate Analysis. He is coauthor (with Ita Kreft) of Introducing Multilevel Modeling and a member of the Albert Gifi team who wrote Nonlinear Multivariate Analysis.

Erik Meijer is Economist at the RAND Corporation and Assistant Professor of Econometrics at the University of Groningen. He is coauthor (with Tom Wansbeek) of the highly acclaimed book Measurement Error and Latent Variables in Econometrics.


Analysis Empirical Research Generalized linear model LDA Regression analysis Resampling STATISTICA Statistical Analysis linear regression modeling multilevel analysis structural equation modeling

Editors and affiliations

  • Jan de Leeuw
    • 1
  • Erik Meijer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of StatisticsUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.RAND CorporationSanta MonicaUSA

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