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© 2007

Design and Optimization of Passive UHF RFID Systems

Benefits

  • Proposes a linear two-port model for an N-stage modified-Greinacher full wave rectifier

  • Two-port parameters values are computed for particular input voltages and output currents for the complete N-stage rectifier circuit using only the measured I-V and C-V characteristics of a single diode

  • Presents an experimental procedure to measure how the impedance modulation at the tag side affects the signal at the reader

  • Describes the design of a fully integrated remotely powered and addressable RFID tag working at 2.45 GHz

Book
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Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. An RFID tag is an object that can be attached to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification using radio waves. Chip-based RFID tags contain silicon chips and antennas. Active tags require an internal power source, while passive tags do not.

Design and Optimization of UHF RFID Systems considers the analysis, design and optimization of UHF passive RFID systems for long-range applications. There are many key aspects thoroughly described in the text:

  • Wireless power transmission
  • Tag-to-reader backscattering communication
  • Reader and tag architectures and IC design.

Wireless power transmission is studied using a rectifier (a fundamental tag building-block) for which there has been a proven prediction model developed. Proposed is a theoretical analysis of possible backscattering modulations, as well as an experimental procedure to measure how the impedance modulation at the tag side, affects the signal at the reader. Finally, a complete tag design achieving a read range of 12 m at 2.45 GHz (4 W EIRP) is provided. At the time of writing, the results of this design outperform any other available IC tag.

Keywords

CompTIA RFID+ Hochfrequenz Modulation Signal Transponder UHF ambient intelligence communication integrated circuit interconnect model optimization radio radio-frequency identification (RFID) ubiquitous computing

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.École Polytechnique Fédérale de LausanneSwitzerland

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Reviews

From the reviews:

"In this agile book of just 148 pages, the reader is introduced to the design of a passive RFID system operating in the UHF band. … The book is a useful tool for the RFID UHF system designer, and can also be a valuable guide for the newcomer interested in understanding the multifaceted issues involved in the development of RFID and of its specifications." (S. Donati and T. Tambosso, Optics and Photonics News, July/August, 2007)