© 2006

Unique Environmentalism

A Comparative Perspective

  • A comparative outlook on Norwegian environmentalism

  • Argues for the need for comprehensive case-studies to get a deeper understanding of environmentalism

  • It’s more than just environmentalism, it is also a book about Norwegian and Scandinavian politics

  • An interesting perspective eon the "internationality" of social movements


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Perspectives on Unique Environmentalism

  3. The Environmentalists

  4. The Local Community Perspective in the State-Friendly Society

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 102-102
    2. Pages 154-169
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 170-190

About this book


This book explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is unique. The two connected anomalies of an inclusive and state friendly society and a strong orientation and commitment to local communities make the case stand apart from mainstream international definitions of environmentalism.

The authors study a specific political culture with a rather unique combination of state structure and civil society of which organized environmentalism is an important part. The political culture influences organizational form and organizational ideology as well as the way these organistions are linked to and interact with the goverment. The study shows why international non-government organizations (INGOs) which are successful elsewhere, such as Greenpeace, are unable to establish themselves in some countries.

The study compares Norwegian environmentalism with perspectives and findings from other political systems. More generally, this is also a study on the role of voluntary organizations and civil society in a specific type of democracy. The book throws light on why the working of the Norwegian political system – as well as the Scandinavian political systems more generally – is often misunderstood in the international literature.


Environmentalist Nation Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) environment social justice sociology

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Comparative PoliticsUniversity of Bergen5007Norway
  2. 2.Stein Rokkan CentreUniversity of BergenNorway
  3. 3.Stein Rokkan CentreUniversity of BergenNorway
  4. 4.University of Stavanger4021Norway

Bibliographic information