© 2004

What We Know About CSCL

And Implementing It In Higher Education

  • Jan-Willem Strijbos
  • Paul A. Kirschner
  • Rob L. Martens

Part of the Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Series book series (CULS, volume 3)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. It is All About Learning!

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Kirschner P. A., Martens R. L., Strijbos J. W.
      Pages 3-30
    3. Lipponen L., Hakkarainen K., Paavola S.
      Pages 31-50
  3. Learning, Collaboration and Assessment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 51-51
    2. Stahl G.
      Pages 53-85
  4. What do you Mean by‘Support’?

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 113-113
    2. Järvelä S., Häkkinen P., Arvaja M., Leinonen P.
      Pages 115-139
    3. Jermann P., Soller A., Lesgold A.
      Pages 141-166
    4. Lund K.
      Pages 167-198
  5. Technology and Interaction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 199-199
    2. De Graaff R., De Laat M., Scheltinga H.
      Pages 201-219
    3. Kreijns K., Kirschner P. A.
      Pages 221-243
  6. Conclusion

    1. Strijbos J. W., Kirschner P. A., Martens R. L.
      Pages 245-259
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 261-262

About this book


A Dutch policy scientist once said the information and knowledge in the twenty-first century has the shelf life of fresh fish, and learning in this age often means learning where and how to find something and how to relate it to a specific situation instead of knowing everything one needs to know. On top of this, the world has become so highly interconnected that we have come to realise that every decision that we make can have repercussions somewhere else. To touch as many bases as possible, we need to work with knowledgeable others from different fields (multiple agents) and take heed of their points of view (multiple representations). To do this, we make increasing use of computers and computer-mediated communication. If computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) is not simply a newly discovered hype in education, what is it and why are we writing a book about it? Dissecting the phrase into its constituent parts, we see that first of all CSCL is about learning, and in the twenty-first century this usually means constructivist learning.


Instructional Design cluster collaboration collaborative learning computer-supported collaborative learning learning

Editors and affiliations

  • Jan-Willem Strijbos
    • 1
  • Paul A. Kirschner
    • 1
  • Rob L. Martens
    • 1
  1. 1.Open University of The NetherlandsThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information


"It is certain that this book will become a clear reference book in the scientific community."
(Prof. A. Dimitracopoulou)
"This book should prove an invaluable resource to researchers, research students and practitioners in CSCL and in the learning sciences more widely. It is also a very timely resource given the increasing amount of activity and interest in e-learning within higher education. The clear focus on learning and pedagogy, not just technology, is a key strength of the book."
(Dr. C. O'Malley)