Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya

  • Nina Gunde-Cimerman
  • Aharon Oren
  • Ana Plemenitaš

Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Aharon Oren, Ana Plemenitaš
    Pages 1-6
  3. The environments and their diversity

    1. Bonnie K. Baxter, Carol D. Litchfield, Kevin Sowers, Jack D. Griffith, Priya Arora Dassarma, Shiladitya Dassarma
      Pages 9-25
    2. Aharon Oren, Ittai Gavrieli, Jonah Gavrieli, Marco Kohen, Joseph Lati, Mordehay Aharoni
      Pages 27-39
    3. Carol D. Litchfield, Masoumeh Sikaroodi, Patrick M. Gillevet
      Pages 59-69
  4. Archaea

    1. Henk Bolhuis
      Pages 185-199
    2. Felicitas Pfeifer, Peter Zimmermann, Sandra Scheuch, Simone Sartorius-Neef
      Pages 201-215
    3. Jerry Eichler, Gabriela Ring, Vered Irihimovitch, Tovit Lichi, Irit Tozik, Zvia Konrad
      Pages 217-226
    4. Toru Mizuki, Ron Usami, Masayuki Kamo, Masaru Tanokura, Masahiro Kamekura
      Pages 227-238
    5. Katharina Pflüger, Heidi Wieland, Volker Müller
      Pages 239-251
  5. Bacteria

    1. Josefa Antón, Arantxa Peña, Maria Valens, Fernando Santos, Frank-Oliver Glöckner, Margarete Bauer et al.
      Pages 255-266
    2. Laszlo N. Csonka, Kathleen O’connor, Frank Larimer, Paul Richardson, Alla Lapidus, Adam D. Ewing et al.
      Pages 267-285
    3. Alexander S. Reshetnikov, Valentina N. Khmelenina, Ildar I. Mustakhimov, Yana V. Ryzhmanova, Yuri A. Trotsenko
      Pages 327-336
    4. Antonio Ventosa, Cristina Sánchez-Porro, Sara Martín, Encarnación Mellado
      Pages 337-354
    5. Jorge Quillaguaman, Bo Mattiasson, Rajni Hatti-Kaul
      Pages 355-367
  6. Fungi

    1. Sybren De Hoog, Polona Zalar, Bert Gerrits Van Den Ende, Nina Gunde-Cimerman
      Pages 371-395
    2. Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Lorena Butinar, Silva Sonjak, Martina Turk, Viktor Uršič, Polona Zalar et al.
      Pages 397-423
    3. Martin Grube, Juliane Blaha
      Pages 471-488
  7. Algae

  8. Protozoa

    1. Gwen Hauer, Andrew Rogerson
      Pages 519-539
  9. Viruses

    1. Mike L. Dyall-Smith, David G. Burns, Helen M. Camakaris, Peter H. Janssen, Brandan E. Russ, Kate Porter
      Pages 553-563
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 565-577

About these proceedings


Salt is an essential requirement of life. Already from ancient times (e. g. , see the books of the Bible) its importance in human life has been known. For example, salt symbolizes destruction (as in Sodom and Gomorra), but on the other hand it has been an ingredient of every sacrifice during the Holy Temple periods. Microbial life in concentrated salt solutions has fascinated scientists since its discovery. Recently there have been several international meetings and books devoted entirely to halophiles. This book includes the proceedings of the “Halophiles 2004” conference held in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in September 2004 (www. u- lj. si/~bfbhaloph/index. html). This meeting was attended by 120 participants from 25 countries. The editors have selected presentations given at the meeting for this volume, and have also invited a number of contributions from experts who had not been present in Ljubljana. This book complements “Halophilic Microorganisms”, edited by A. Ventosa and published by Springer-Verlag (2004), “Halophilic Microorganism and their Environments” by A. Oren (2002), published by Kluwer Academic Publishers as volume 5 of “Cellular Origins, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology” (COLE), and “Microbiology and Biogeochemistry of Hypersaline Environments” edited by A. Oren, and published by CRC Press, Boca Raton (1999). Salt-loving (halophilic) microorganisms grow in salt solutions above seawater salinity (~3. 5% salt) up to saturation ranges (i. e. , around 35% salt). High concentrations of salt occur in natural environments (e. g.


Archaea Archaeon Protozoa bacteria enzymes eukarya metabolism microorganism protein translation virus

Editors and affiliations

  • Nina Gunde-Cimerman
    • 1
  • Aharon Oren
    • 2
  • Ana Plemenitaš
    • 3
  1. 1.Biotechnical Faculty, Department of BiologyUniversity of LjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.The Institute of Life Sciences and the Moshe Minerva Center for Marine BiogeochemistryThe Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Institute of BiochemistryUniversity of LjubljanaSlovenia

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