© 2005

X-rays for Archaeology

  • M. Uda
  • G. Demortier
  • I. Nakai

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. In-situ Measurements

    1. A.G. Karydas, X. Brecoulaki, Th. Pantazis, E. Aloupi, V. Argyropoulos, D. Kotzamani et al.
      Pages 27-53
    2. Sakuji Yoshimura
      Pages 55-63
  3. Use of Ion Beam

    1. H. S. Cheng, Z. Q. Zhang, E. K. Lin, Y. P. Huang
      Pages 151-158
    2. Mateja Kos, Žiga Šmit
      Pages 159-162
    3. B. Constantinescu, Roxana Bugoi, GH. Niculescu, D. Popovici, GH. Manacu-Adamesteanu
      Pages 163-171
    4. Y. Sha, P. Q. Zhang, G. G. Wang, X. J. Zhang, X. Wang, J. Liu
      Pages 173-180
  4. Use of Synchroton Radiation

  5. Radiography

About this book


The application of X-rays to archaeological objects with the goal of gaining insight into both their construction and chemical composition, in a non-destructive manner, dates back to the discovery of radiation. Nowadays, X-ray techniques, such as X-ray fluorescense and diffraction are standard tools. This book offers physicists, art historians, archaeologists, curators, and conservators a detailed overview via contributions written by leading scientists in the field. The book contains scientific data, i.e. in situ measurement data taken with portable XRF and XRD, and fine data taken with accelerating ion beams and synchrotron radiations, together with their explanations. Results obtained by traditional scientific methods are also reviewed. The broad data collection spans experimental data taken both from monuments in the field and exhibits in museums, for example:

ancient Egyptian wall-painting pigments
ancient Egyptian wooden statues and mummies
ancient Greek funerary monuments
Cypriot ceramics
medieval, Lyubliana and Venetian glass
Romanian ceramics
ancient Near-Eastern clay
old Japanese porcelain
pre-Hispanic items from America
ancient Chinese underglaze-red
blue and white porcelain
Chinese celadon
Phoenician cosmetics

Also included are data from glazes, ancient gold and silver coins, gold jewelleries, gold alloys, corroded metals, gemstones (ruby, emerald and garnet), painting pigments, pottery, bronze, obsidian, stucco, turquoise, and so on. The discussion fostered here between natural scientists and archaeologists anticipates the future direction of archaeology.


Cultural Heritage PIXE Relic X-rays for Archaeology XRF and XRD artifacts material culture non-destructive analysis

Editors and affiliations

  • M. Uda
    • 1
  • G. Demortier
    • 2
  • I. Nakai
    • 3
  1. 1.Waseda UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Namur UniversityNamurBelgium
  3. 3.University of TokyoJapan

Bibliographic information