© 2007

Artificial Gravity

  • Gilles Clément
  • Angie Bukley

Part of the The Space Technology Library book series (SPTL, volume 20)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXI
  2. Gilles Clément, Angie Bukley, William Paloski
    Pages 1-32
  3. Angie Bukley, William Paloski, Gilles Clément
    Pages 33-58
  4. Gilles Clément, Angie Bukley, William Paloski
    Pages 59-93
  5. Eric Groen, Andrew Clarke, Willem Bles, Floris Wuyts, William Paloski, Gilles Clément
    Pages 95-136
  6. Guglielmo Antonutto, Gilles Clément, Guido Ferretti, Dag Linnarsson, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Pietro Di Prampero
    Pages 137-162
  7. Mario Narici, Jochen Zange, Pietro Di Prampero
    Pages 163-190
  8. Martina Heer, Nathalie Baecker, Sara Zwart, Scott Smith
    Pages 249-270
  9. Satish Mehta, Brian Crucian, Duane Pierson, Clarence Sams, Raymond Stowe
    Pages 271-286
  10. Jeffrey Jones, Randal Reinertson, William Paloski
    Pages 287-314
  11. John Byard, Larry Meeker, Randal Reinertson, William Paloski
    Pages 315-334
  12. Joan Vernikos, William Paloski, Charles Fuller, Gilles Clèment
    Pages 335-356
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 357-364

About this book


Protecting the health, safety, and performance of exploration-class mission crews against the physiological deconditioning resulting from long-term weightlessness during transit and long-term reduced gravity during surface operations will require effective, multi-system countermeasures. Artificial gravity, which would replace terrestrial gravity with inertial forces generated by rotating the transit vehicle or by short-radius human centrifuge devices within the transit vehicle or surface habitat, has long been considered a potential solution. However, despite its attractiveness as an efficient, multi-system countermeasure and its potential for improving the environment and simplifying operational activities, much still needs to be learned regarding the human response to rotating environments before artificial gravity can be successfully implemented.

This book reviews the principle and rationale for using artificial gravity during space missions, and describes the current options proposed, including a short-radius centrifuge contained within a spacecraft. In Artificial Gravity, experts provide recommendations on the research needed to assess whether or not short-radius centrifuge workouts can help limit deconditioning of physiological systems.

"Aided by an exquisite group of experts, Gilles Clement and Angie Bukley have managed to put together THE new, comprehensive reference book on artificial gravity. This book will be an essential resource for students, scientists, and program planners alike."

-Oliver Angerer, European Space Agency

"Drs. Gilles Clement and Angie Bukley have provided a unique book that looks at the practicability of artificial gravity, and have invited respected experts in the space flight community to contribute to this discourse. Like the early 1960 studies of artificial gravity, their book charts the future, guiding both seasoned investigators and students with the tools necessary for understanding the complex problems of artificial gravity and the effect of that environment on biological systems."

-Millard F. Reschke, NASA, The Johnson Space Center


Cardiovascular deconditioning Effects of weightlessness IAC Life Sciences Award Physiology in space Short-radius centrifuge Space mission planning environment history life sciences physiology planning safety science space space exploration

Editors and affiliations

  • Gilles Clément
    • 1
    • 2
  • Angie Bukley
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Ohio UniversityAthensUSA

About the editors

Gilles Clement is a neurophysiologist who has been involved in space research on astronauts since 25 years. He wrote "Fundamentals of Space Medicine” and "Fundamentals of Space Biology”. He is coordinating the vision of a group of international scientists, doctors and engineers for validating the implementation of artificial gravity for long-duration, exploratory missions.

Angie Bukley is an aerospace control systems engineer who has over 20 years experience in the aerospace business working with NASA, the US Department of Defense, and the Aerospace Corporation. She is currently the Dean for Research and Graduate Studies at the Russ College of Engineering & Technology, Ohio University.

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Energy, Utilities & Environment
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From the reviews:

"The book has grown out of the work of the ESA Topical Team on Artificial Gravity, which issued its Final Report in 2006. … provide a useful summary of artificial-gravity research. The extent to which microgravity affects different physiological systems differently, and the complex-manner in which they all interact, was a real eye-opener to me. … This would greatly increase its value as a resource for those engaged in the planning of future human space exploration." (Ian Crawford, The Observatory, Vol. 128 (1203), 2008)