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Behavior and Social Issues

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 134–169 | Cite as

Opinion: Notes From a Radical Behaviorist

Are Women, People of Color, Asians, and Southern Europeans Inherently Inferior to North-European Males? A History of Biological Determinism—A Cultural, Spiritual and Intellectual Disgrace—And the Implications for Understanding “Mental Illness”
  • Richard W. MalottEmail author
Article

Abstract

Biological determinism is the view that biological or genetic factors are the main or even the sole cause of important behavioral differences between people, even when those behavioral differences involve complex behavior-environment interactions. However, biological determinism has a disgraceful history, a history involving scientific racism, scientific sexism, scientific classism, and what I call scientific mentalism. Furthermore, an appreciation of that disgraceful history can provide perspective for evaluating the contemporary emphasis on the biological and genetic basis of “mental illness” so well critiqued by Wong (2006) and Wyatt (2006). The present article is an attitude-laden summary of that disgraceful history, followed by a few guidelines for a behavioral approach to the analysis of complex behavior-environment interactions, and finally a glance at a couple current “mental-illness” issues from the behavior-analytic perspective developed in this article.

Keywords

behaviorism biological determinism scientific racism scientific sexism intelligence mental illness mental health biological behavior analysis 

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Copyright information

© Richard W. Malott 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Behavior Analysis Program, Department of PsychologyWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA

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