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Strategic group formation for carbon governance in Indonesia after the Indian Ocean tsunami 2004


This article indentifies the carbon governance landscape after a complex and large-scale disaster by identifying the formation of new strategic groups and the utilization of resources policies. The article highlights the post-disaster context of land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF). In particular it examines the power issue surrounding carbon management in Aceh Province, Indonesia, after the Indian Ocean tsunami (IOT) 2004. The author proposes a new institutional framework, namely the Strategic Framework for Sustainability Analysis (SFSA). The SFSA uses a series of strategic group analyses, combined with strategic resources identification and strategic policy to analyze LULUCF problems. The strategic groups in LULUCF are those that hold the decision-making power to discourage/encourage sustainability of local natural resources. Each group is assumed to reposition itself strategically in order to gain more control over resources. The IOT 2004 has led Aceh to exercise its own sustainability policies, which are set through many initiatives such as a moratorium on logging, a sustainable palm oil policy, livelihood-based carbon conservation projects, and green development policies, including disaster risk reduction.


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Correspondence to Jonatan A. Lassa.

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Lassa, J.A. Strategic group formation for carbon governance in Indonesia after the Indian Ocean tsunami 2004. Int. J. Disaster Risk Sci. 1, 28–39 (2010).

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  • carbon governance
  • Indian Ocean Tsunami
  • strategic groups
  • sustainability