Journal of the Korean Physical Society

, Volume 74, Issue 11, pp 1085–1088 | Cite as

Lambda (λ) Transition in the Heat Capacity by Finite Block Spin Phenomenology

  • Kwang-Sei Lee
  • Je Huan Koo
  • Cheol Eui LeeEmail author


We explain the lambda (λ) transition in the heat capacity in terms of spin freezing on the basis of finite-sized block spin concepts. Thus, the spin-glass phase or the antiferromagnetic/paramagnetic phase near the Néel temperature may be considered as a short-range ordering of the block spins comprised of many random spins with respective majority spin directions. Using the Curie law for the block spins, we obtain the λ-type heat capacity in the lower and the higher temperature approximations of the Brillouin function. The theoretical heat capacity gives a good fit to the experimental data.


Heat capacity N´eel temperature Lambda (λ) transition Antiferromagnetic phase transition 


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This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (Project Nos. 2016R1D1A1A0991 7003 and 2019R1A2C1002076).


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Copyright information

© The Korean Physical Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nano Science & Engineering, Center for Nano ManufacturingInje UniversityGimhaeKorea
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Biological PhysicsKwangwoon UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsKorea UniversitySeoulKorea

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