Influence of Bi Excess on the Structural and Morphological Properties of Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 Synthesized by Using the Hydrothermal Method and Its Nanogenerator Properties
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This study investigated the effects of an excess of bismuth in Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 (BKT) on its structural and morphological properties. Two types of BKT samples were prepared using bismuth stoichiometry, where one with a Bi:K molar ratio of 1:1 (S-BKT) and the other with a ratio of 1.1:1 with 10 mol% excess of Bi (10% BKT). These samples were prepared using the hydrothermal synthesis method. When the X-ray diffraction (XRD) data for the two samples were compared, the 10% BKT shows a 1.3 times larger than that for the S-BKT sample in the ratio of the secondary phase peak to the BKT (101) peak at approximately 29.3°. Morphology analysis showed that both samples had agglomerations with diameters of approximately 200 nm and nanowires with lengths of 1–2 μm and diameters of 8 nm. The fractions of the total area occupied by agglomerations in the two samples were estimated at approximately 95% for 10% BKT and approximately 45% for S-BKT. These results indicate that an excess of bismuth affects the secondary phase and agglomeration formation. Nanogenerators were prepared by mixing S-BKT, and their output voltages were 1.8 V and their outputs currents were 4 nA.
KeywordsBi0.5K0.5TiO3 nanowires Piezoelectric properties Nanogenerators
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This research was supported by “Research Base Construction Fund Support Program” funded by Chonbuk National University in 2018, and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2018R1A2B6006740), and by a cooperation project of “SI1803-01 (Development of smart chemical materials for IoT devices)” by the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT).
- J. Chen and J. Cheng, J. Alloys. Comp. 589, 115 v.Google Scholar