Advertisement

Journal of the Korean Physical Society

, Volume 73, Issue 6, pp 736–746 | Cite as

A Few Selected Topics in Extreme Astrophysical Phenomena: Gamma-ray Burst as a Source of Multi-messenger Astrophysics and Cosmic Particles as a Would-be Messenger

  • I. H. Park
  • S. Jeong
Review Articles
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. JKPS 50th Anniversary Reviews

Abstract

These days of astrophysics are full of exciting discoveries. Gravitational waves are directly found for the first time by Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory. Merging of compact astrophysical objects (neutron star and neutron star) is detected via multi-messengers of gravitational wave and all wavelengths of photons for the first time by worldwide observatories on ground and in space. Interesting unknowns of the gamma-ray sky are introduced by Fermi, and many details of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) become unveiled by the Swift space mission and ground based observatories. Astrophysical neutrinos with the highest energy are detected by the IceCube telescope. Hot and Warm sports, anisotropy of ultra-high energy cosmic rays, are found by the Telescope Array and Pierre Auger observatories, respectively. The spectral break in cosmic rays around 200 GeV is discovered and verified for all elements of cosmic rays, which requires a completely different paradigm in cosmic ray propagation. Combining all of those information allows us to learn the structure and evolution of the universe including thermal and non-thermal astrophysical sources, their spatial distributions, time evolutions and properties. Here we overview a few topics particularly emphasizing GRBs, as sources of multi-messenger astrophysics, in connection to GWs, neutrinos, and cosmic rays. Finally we introduce our space experiments on GRBs and cosmic rays for those physics targets.

Keywords

Multi-messenger astrophysics Gamma-ray burst Cosmic ray Gravitational wave Cosmic neutirno 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge support by National Research Foundation grants of 2018R1A2A1A05022685, 2017K1A4A3015188, and 2018R1D1A1B07048993.

References

  1. [1]
    B. C. Barish and R. Weiss, Physics Today. 52, 10 (1999).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    N. Gehrels et al., Astrophys. J. 611, 1005 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    The IceCube Collaboration, Astropart. Phys. 26, 155 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    E. Waxman, Nucl. Phys. B, Proc. Suppl. 151, 46 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    The Telescope Array Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 689, 87 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    The Pierre Auger Collaboration, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 798, 172 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    B. P. Abbott et al., Astrophys. J. 848, 12 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    B. P. Abbott et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 16 (2017).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    The Virgo collaboration, JInst. 7, P0312 (2012).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    B. P. Abbott et al., Astrophys. J. Lett. 848, L12 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. G. Aartsen et al., Science 361, 1378 (2018).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. G. Aartsen et al., Science 342, 1242856 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    M. G. Aartsen et al., Astrophys. J. 833, 3 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    V. Lipunov et al., Adv. Astron. 2010, 349171 (2010).ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    A. J. Castro-Tirado et al., ASI Conference Series. 7, 314 (2013).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    R. W. Klebesadel et al., Astrophys. J. 182, 85 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    R. Salvaterra et al., Nature 461, 1258 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    N. R. Tanvir et al., Nature 461, 1254 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    D. Q. Lamb and D. E. Reichart, Astrophys. J. 536, 1 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    V. Bromm and A. Loeb, Astrophys. J. 642, 382 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    M. D. Kistler et al., Astrophys. J. 705, L104 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    L. Amati et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 391, 577 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    G. Ghirlanda et al., New J. Phys. 8, 123 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    A. Panaitescu and W. Vestrand, Mon. Not. R. Astron. 387, 497 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    D. Kocevski, Astrophys. J. 747 146 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    B. Zhang et al., Astrophys. J. 703, 1696 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    J. Greiner et al., Astron. Astrophys. 526, 10 (2011).Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    S. Naoz and O. Bromberg, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380, 757 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    C. Cutler and K. S. Thorne, arXiv:gr-qc/0204090 (2002).Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    A. Abramovici et al., Science 256, 325 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    B. P. Abbott et al., Astrophys. J. 13, 826L (2016).Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    H. Tokuno et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detect. Assoc. Equip. 676, 54 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    J. Abraham et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, Accel. Spectrom. Detect. Assoc. Equip. 523, 50 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    M. I. Panasyuk et al., J. Cosmol. 18, 7964 (2012).Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Y. Takahashi, New J. Phys. 11, 065009 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    F. Halzen and S. R. Klein, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 08110 (2010).Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    P. W. Gorham et al., Astropart. Phys. 32, 10 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    B. P. Abbott et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 061102 (2016).ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    T. Piran et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 430, 2121 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    L. Dessart et al., Astrophys. J. 690, 1681 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    J. Abadie et al., Class. Quant. Grav. 27, 173001 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    B. Sathyaprakash et al., Class. Quant. Grav. 29, 124013 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    B. P. Abbott et al., arXiv:1710.05835 (2017).Google Scholar
  44. [44]
    N. Dalal et al., Phys. Rev. D 74, 063006 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    L. Amati et al., arXiv1306.5259v1 (2013).Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    J. K. Becker et al., Phys. Rep. 458, 172 (2008).Google Scholar
  47. [47]
    E. Waxman et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2292 (1997).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    R. Abbasi et al., Nature 484, 351 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    S. Hummer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 231101 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    J. Hjorth et al., Nature 423, 847 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    A. Letessier-Selvon et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 907 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. [52]
    A. M. Hillas et al., Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 22, 425 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. [53]
    E. Waxman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 386 (1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. [54]
    M. Vietri, Astrophys. J. 453, 883(1995).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. [55]
    M. Milgrom and V. Usov, Astrophys. J. 449, L37 (1995).ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. [56]
    R. U. Abbasi et al., Astrophysical Journal Letters 790, L21 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. [57]
    V. A. Sadovnichii et al., Space Sci. Rev. 212, 1705 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. [58]
    E. Fermi, Phys. Rev. 75, 1169 (1949).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. [59]
    V. L. Ginzburg and S. I. Syrovatskii, The Origin of Cosmic Rays (New York: Macmillan, 1964).Google Scholar
  60. [60]
    W. Axford, E. Lear and G. Skadron, in Proceedings of the 17th ICRC (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, 1977), p. 132.Google Scholar
  61. [61]
    A. R. Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 182, 443 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. [62]
    R. D. Blandford and J. P. Ostriker, Astrophys. J. 221, L29 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. [63]
    L. O. Drury, Rep. Prog. Phys. 46, 973 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. [64]
    R. Blandford and D. Eichler, Phys. Rep. 154, 1 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. [65]
    J. R. Jokipii, Astrophys. J. 313, 842 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. [66]
    F. C. Jones and D. C. Ellison, Space Sci. Rev. 58, 259 (1991).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. [67]
    A. R. Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 353, 550 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. [68]
    A. Achterberg, Y. A. Gallant, J. G. Kirk and A. W. Guthmann, Mon. Not. R. Astron. 328, 393 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. [69]
    E. G. Berezhko, Astropart. Phys. 5, 367 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. [70]
    V. Ptuskin, V. Zirakashvili and E. Seo, Astrophys. J. 718, 31 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. [71]
    I. H. Park et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 570, 286 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. [72]
    S. Nam et al., IEEE Tr. Nucl. Sci. 54, 1743 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. [73]
    H. S. Ahn et al., Astrophysical J. 715, 1400 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. [74]
    H. S. Ahn et al., Astrophysical J. 714, L89 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. [75]
    Tanvir, arXiv:1307.6156v1 (2013).Google Scholar
  76. [76]
    N. Produit et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 550, 616 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. [77]
    J. Paul et al., C. R. Phys. 12, 298 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. [78]
    P. W. A. Roming et al., Mem. Soc. Astron. Suppl. 21, 155 (2012).Google Scholar
  79. [79]
    I. H. Park et al., New J. Phys. 15, 023031 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. [80]
    S. Jeong et al., Opt. Exp. 21, 2263 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. [81]
    G. Gaikov et al., Opt. Exp. 25, 29143 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. [82]
    I. H. Park et al., Space Sci. Rev. 214, 14, (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. [83]
    S. Jeong et al., Space Sci. Rev. 214, 16, (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. [84]
    M. Jelinek et al., Adv. Astron. 2010, 432172 (2010).ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. [85]
    C. Akerlof et al., Nature 398, 400 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. [86]
    E. Molinari et al., Astron. Astrophys. 469, 13 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. [87]
    A. Panaitescu and W. Vestrand, Mon. Not. R. Astron. 387, 497 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. [88]
    D. B. Cline et al., Int. J. Astron. Astrophys. 1, 164 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. [89]
    J. Ellis et al., Astropart. Phys. 25, 402 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. [90]
    V. A. Kostelecky and M. Mewes, Astrophys. J. 689, L1 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. [91]
    I. H. Park et al., arXiv:0912.0773 (2009).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Physical Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSungkyunkwan UniversitySuwonKorea

Personalised recommendations