It was demonstrated that indigo snakes can be conditioned to operate a contact relay and press a key. The other major findings were: (1) Water can be an effective positive rein forcer for snakes; (2) the cumulative records of snakes show a step-shaped pattern; (3) snakes can respond at high rates for short periods of time; (4) snakes can sustain an FR4 schedule; and (5) moulting does not completely disrupt the effects of conditioning.
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The author gratefully acknowledges the many helpful suggestions of Dr. Daniel B. Cruse in this work.
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Kleinginna, P.R. Operant conditioning in the indigo snake. Psychon Sci 18, 53–55 (1970). https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03332330
- Experimental Chamber
- Saccharin Solution
- Contact Wire
- Cumulative Record