The weapons effect: Fact or artifact?
- 547 Downloads
Ninety-six male college students were exposed to handguns or no handguns following positive, neutral, or negative personal evaluation. The weapons were explained either as items of defense (“home defense weapons”) or as items of aggression (“guns used in crimes of violent assault”). The dependent measure was hostility or aggression as measured by the Behavior Control Inventory (BCI). The presence or absence of handguns presented as either defensive or offensive weapons was not related to the expression of hostility or aggression. The conclusion is drawn that the weapons effect is a weak variable requiring further research to delineate the conditions of its occurrence.
KeywordsRear Window Violent Assault Evaluation Apprehension Pickup Truck Offensive Weapon
- Berkowitz, L. (1981, June). How guns control us. Psychology Today, pp. 11-12.Google Scholar
- Cahoon, D., & Edmonds, E. M. (1984). Guns/no guns and the expression of social hostility. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 22, 305–308.Google Scholar
- Masling, J. (1966). Role-related behavior of the subject and psychologist and its effect upon psychological data. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 14, 67–103.Google Scholar