Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 57–60 | Cite as

The weapons effect: Fact or artifact?

  • Delwin D. Cahoon
  • Ed M. Edmonds


Ninety-six male college students were exposed to handguns or no handguns following positive, neutral, or negative personal evaluation. The weapons were explained either as items of defense (“home defense weapons”) or as items of aggression (“guns used in crimes of violent assault”). The dependent measure was hostility or aggression as measured by the Behavior Control Inventory (BCI). The presence or absence of handguns presented as either defensive or offensive weapons was not related to the expression of hostility or aggression. The conclusion is drawn that the weapons effect is a weak variable requiring further research to delineate the conditions of its occurrence.


Rear Window Violent Assault Evaluation Apprehension Pickup Truck Offensive Weapon 
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Copyright information

© The psychonomic Society, Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Delwin D. Cahoon
    • 1
  • Ed M. Edmonds
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAugusta CollegeAugusta

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