Studies were carried out to determine the biochemical composition and nutritional value of muksun (Coregonus muksun (Pallas)) in the lower reaches of the Lena River. This is a valuable commercial fish; 90% of its total catch in Yakutia is covered by the Lena River, while its abundance is low in other rivers and continues to decrease due to overfishing. The average annual catch of muksun is 450 t and its total allowable catches are 510–590 t in Yakutia. It is noted that the fillet and belly of muksun are considered protein products in terms of protein content (15–20%). Thus, the protein content was 16.05 ± 0.003% in its fillet and 18.72 ± 0.009% in its belly. With respect to the fat content in the belly (22.67 ± 0.009%), muksun is a particularly fatty fish variety (over 15%). With respect to the nutritional value, muksun is considered a high-calorie food product (over 200–300 kkal/100 g). The proteins of the muksun fillet and belly have a high biological value, since the amount of amino acid score is higher than the ideal protein standard (over 100%). This research gives grounds to classify muksun meat as a high-quality and well-balanced food product.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Karpova, L.N., Kirillov, A.F., and Sivtseva, L.V., Results of monitoring of aquatic biological resources in water bodies of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Vestn. Rybokhoz. Nauki, 2015, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 3–17.
Abramov, A.F., Salova, T.A., and Stepanov, K.M., Pishchevaya i biologicheskaya tsennost’ presnovodnykh ryb rek Yakutii (Nutritional and Biological Value of Freshwater Fish of the Rivers in Yakutia), Novosibirsk: SibAK, 2018.
Kirillov, A.F., Promyslovye ryby Yakutii (Commercial Fish of Yakutia), Moscow: Nauchn. Mir, 2002.
Kirillov, A.F. and Knizhin, I.B., Ichthyofauna of the Lena River (Laptev Sea Basin): Modern composition and historical formation, J. Ichthyol., 2014, vol. 54, pp. 433–445.
Kirillov, A.F., Effect of fishing on the state of fish populations in the water bodies of Yakutia, Vestn. Yakutsk. Gos. Univ., 2005, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 48–57.
Gnedov, A.A., Comparative analysis of the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega 3 and omega 6 in the meat of northern fish, Vet. Farm. Vestn., 2018, no. 4, pp. 12–20.
Efimova, A.A., Stepanov, K.M., and Petrova, L.V., Energy and biological value of commercial fish in Yakutia, Nauka Obraz., 2013, no. 4, pp. 86–89.
Budagyana, F.E., Tablitsy khimicheskogo sostava i pitatel’noi tsennosti pishchevykh produktov (Tables of the Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Food Products), Moscow: Medgiz, 1961.
Tyaptirgyanov, M.M. and Tyaptirgyanova, V.M., Nutritional value of fish in Yakutia, Vopr. Pitan., 2015, vol. 84, no. S3, p. 169.
Sleptsov, Ya.G., Promyslovoe rybolovstvo Yakutii (Commercial Fishing in Yakutia), Novosibirsk, 2002.
Abramov, A.F., Ispol’zovanie estestvennogo kholoda v proizvodstve, pererabotke i khranenii produktov pitaniya v ekstremal’nykh klimaticheskikh usloviyakh Respubliki Sakha (Yakutiya) (Application of Natural Cold in the Production, Processing, and Storage of Food Products in the Extreme Climatic Conditions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)), Yakutsk: Oktaedr, 2015.
Lysikov, Yu.A., Amino acids in human nutrition, Eksp. Klin. Gastroenterol., 2012, no. 2, pp. 88–104.
Lebedev, P.T. and Usovich, A.T., Metody issledovaniya kormov, organov i tkanei zhivotnykh (Methods for Research of Animal Feed, Organs, and Tissues), Moscow: Rossel’khozizdat, 1969.
Lebedeva, U.M. and Abramov, A.F., Osnovy ratsional’nogo pitaniya naseleniya Yakutii (Fundamentals of Rational Nutrition of the Population of Yakutia), Yakutsk: Sev.-Vost. Fed. Univ., 2015.
Stepanov, K.M. and Lebedeva, U.M., Fundamentals of rational nutrition in conditions of exposure to low temperatures, Yakutsk. Med. Zh., 2018, no. 2, pp. 70–73.
Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
Translated by D. Zabolotny
About this article
Cite this article
Abramov, A.F., Sleptsova, T.V., Efimova, A.A. et al. Biochemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Muksun in the Lower Lena River. Russ. Agricult. Sci. 46, 619–622 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068367420060026
- the Lena
- amino acids
- biological and nutritional value