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Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals

, Volume 58, Issue 5, pp 530–539 | Cite as

Nanomaterials of SHS technology for tribological applications: A review

  • A. P. Amosov
Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis

Abstract

A review of results of applying the powder technology of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) for obtaining various nanomaterials that can be used according to the tribotechnical indentation is given. First, these are low-cost nanopowders of sulfides, oxides, nitrides, carbides, borides, and metals which are suitable as solid lubricants and friction modifiers for liquid and plastic lubricating materials. Second, these are solid compact nanostructured ceramic and composite materials for the fabrication of tribotechnical construction. This type of nanomaterial can be fabricated both ex situ from SHS nanopowders by sintering or introduction into the melt both in situ in one stage from initial powders reagents by gasostatic SHS technology, forced SHS compaction, SHS casting, and SHS in the melt, which considerably simplifies and cheapens the production of such materials. Third, these are SHS materials for the deposition of nanostructured coatings of various thicknesses with a high wear resistance and low friction coefficients, such as nanostructured materials for surfacing and spraying, electrospark alloying electrodes, multicomponent targets for magnetron sputtering, cathodes for vacuum-arc evaporation, and nanodispersed fillers of electrochemical and chemical coatings.

Keywords

self-propagating high-temperature synthesis solid lubricants nanopowder friction modifiers nanostructured ceramics nanocomposites nanocoatings 

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© Allerton Press, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Samara State Technical UniversitySamaraRussia

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