Bismuth targets were irradiated by 660 MeV proton beam on the Phasotron accelerator in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Russia. Cross sections of the formation of about 70 residual nuclei are determined by the method of induced activity . The experimental cross sections of residual nuclei are compared with the data obtained by Yu.E. Titarenko et al.  as well as with the results of MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code) [3, 4] simulations. Comparison of theoretical calculations and experimental results shows good agreement between experiment and simulation data.
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The authors are grateful to the personnel of LNP JINR for granting them the possibility of carrying out the experiment. Authors are also thankful to the group of Dr. Jindrich Adam for sharing g-spectrometry laboratory and full experimental support. Part of this research work has been carried out in the Centre for Research and Utilization of Renewable EnergyFootnote 1 and part within Energy and Transmutation of Radioactive Waste collaborationFootnote 2.
One of authors (K. Katovsky) gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under Brno University of Technology specific research programme (project No. FEKT-S-17-4784 “New Technologies for Sustainable Power Engineering”) and under international research cooperative programme of JINR Dubna and the Czech Republic (project of joint 3 + 3 committee No. 12/159/2018 “Study of Neutron Flux in Spallation Targets”).
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Melyan, E., Katovský, K. & Balabekyan, A. Investigation of Formation of Residual Nuclei from 209Bi by Reactions with 660 MeV Protons and Comparison with MCNP Simulation Results. Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci. Phys. 84, 1545–1547 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3103/S1062873820120266